Rome, University of

Rome, University of,

at Rome, Italy; founded 1303 by Pope Boniface VIII. It has faculties of jurisprudence; political science; economics and commerce; statistics, demography, and actuarial science; letters and philosophy; education; medicine; mathematics, physics, and natural science; pharmacy; architecture; librarianship and archivists; engineering; and aerospace engineering.

Rome, University of


one of Europe’s oldest universities. Founded in 1303, the university frequently experienced periods of decline while under the financial and administrative jurisdiction of the Roman popes. It became a major educational and scientific center after Italy’s unification in 1870. The following individuals have worked at the university: the chemist S. Cannizzaro, the geometer E. Beltrami, the mathematician and mechanics specialist T. Levi-Civita, the physicist E. Fermi, the geometer F. Severi, the physicist E. Amaldi, and the historian R. Bianchi-Bandinelli.

In 1974 the University of Rome included the following ten faculties: jurisprudence, political science, economics and commerce, statistics, demography, and actuarial science, letters and philosophy, mathematics, physics, and natural science, pharmacy, education, engineering, and architecture. The university also had schools of aerospace engineering and librarianship and archivists, as well as a computer center. The university library (founded 1661) contains approximately 900,000 books. In the 1973–74 academic year, 94,000 students were enrolled, and the teaching staff included about 300 professors.

A special building known as the Sapienza was built for the university by the architect Giacomo della Porta in approximately 1575. Since then, the University of Rome has often been called the Sapienza in official documents. A new complex of buildings was constructed in 1935.

References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to her group, which is affiliated with the Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Centre (iNANO) and the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, researchers from both Denmark (Department of Pathology and Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital) and abroad (Duke University, University of Rome, University of St Andrews and University of Lyon) contributed to this project.
Among the participating institutions are: Concord University, Drexel University, Fontbonne University, Moore College of Art and Design, Northern Arizona University, Pace University, Saint Michael's College, San Mateo Community College District, The American University of Rome, University of San Francisco, College of Lake County, Eastern Illinois University, Oklahoma City University, Drury University, and Illinois Institute of Technology.
This is the background to my Faith Foundation holding, in collaboration with the Fondazione per la Sussidiari-eta, LUISS Guido Carli University in Rome, University of Bologna, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart in Milan and Ca' Foscari University in Venice, a series of four seminars during autumn 2011.