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a city under oblast jurisdiction, administrative center of Romny Raion, Sumy Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. Situated on the Sula River of the Dnieper River basin. Railroad station on the Bakhmach-Romodan line. Population, 51,000 (1977).

Romny’s plants produce machinery, in particular, equipment for the printing industry, automatic telephone equipment, tractor parts, and construction materials. There is also a brickyard. Food-processing enterprises include a meat-packing plant, bread-baking combine, grain-products combines, cannery, brewery, and creamery. Light industry includes factories producing footwear and tulle curtains. There is also a furniture combine. Romny has industrial and agricultural technicums and a museum of local lore.

Romny is mentioned in the chronicle for 1096 and was part of the Severskii Principality. In 1239 it was captured by the Mongol-Tatars. In 1362 it became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and in 1569 of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. After the Russo-Polish War of 1654–67, Romny became part of the Russian state. It became a city in 1781 and the district capital of the province of Poltava in 1802. It was one of the trading centers of the Left-bank Ukraine and the site of the Il’inka wholesale trade fair. Soviet power was proclaimed in January 1918; after White Guard troops were driven out, control was reestablished in December 1919. In January 1939, Romny became part of Sumy Oblast. From September 1941 to September 1943 it was occupied by fascist German troops. Mo-nastyrishche, a Slavic settlement from the eighth to tenth centuries (Romny-Borshevo culture), has been preserved in Romny.


Romny. Kharkov, 1968.
Romen s’kyi kraeznavchyi muzei. Kharkov, 1973.
References in periodicals archive ?
(Marian) Ileana, a Romanian in her 50s who has worked for Roma activism for 25 years, said she is frequently taken to be Roma ("many consider me one of them"), and a younger Romni participant shared her hesitation in how to view herself: "The Roma don't consider me Roma, like them, and to Romanians I will always be of Romani ethnicity.
I use Roma to signify the plural, Romni for the feminine singular, Rom for the masculine singular, Romani for the adjective, and Romany for the language (Lemon, 2000)--recognizing at the same time the diversity of spelling and preferences across the various Romani groups.
The operator has launched services in the towns of Borislav and Chervonograd in the Lviv region, in the towns of Konotop, Shostka and Romni in the Sumi region, in the town of Ananyev in the Odessa region, in the town of Mirgorod in the Poltava region, in the town of Kovel in the Volin region, in the town of Dubno in the Rivne region, in the town of Yuzhnoukrainsk in the Mikolayiv region, and in the town Borshchiv in the Ternopil region.
Also in the cast of "Mumbai Love" are Jayson Gainza who plays Mamanika; Raymond Bagatsing as Rashid; Martin Escudero as Marco; Jun Sabayton as Beng David; and Romy Daryani as Romni.
Galleries participating in Art Dubai 2011 reported interest in a number of works, with Nja Mahdaoui's drums from the Tunisian Galerie El-Marsa going to a private collector from Saudi Arabia as well as local gallery Isabelle Van Den Eynde selling works from Iranian brothers, Romni and Rokni Haerizadeh.
Un grupo de inmigrantes de la Segunda Aliyah provenientes de Rusia, conocido como el grupo Romni, fue creado por cuatro graduados del Movimiento Sionista llamado Hat'hia (Renacimiento) en el pueblo ucraniano de Romni, quienes formaron una comuna en el momento de abordar el barco que los llevaria a Palestina a finales de 1907.
Los huelguistas, entre ellos el grupo Romni, rechazaron la oferta, sentian que no estaban lo suficientemente preparados para esa responsabilidad, pero Hachoresh, la primera organizacion de trabajadores agricolas en Galilea, escogio un grupo (seis miembros) para el trabajo.
The woman who speaks the passages to which you refer is Romni Jenny.
Hopkinson: Other elements than Romni Jenny, you mean?
She was a traditional Romni, who was born and grew up in Austria.
KR: Did you ever hide the fact that you were a Romni?