Rómulo Betancourt

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Betancourt, Rómulo

 

Born Feb. 22, 1908, in Guatiré, the state of Miranda. Venezuelan politician and statesman.

Betancourt studied at the department of law of the Central University, but failed to graduate because of his arrest in 1928 for participation in the movement against the dictatorship of J. V. Gómez (1909–35); he was later exiled from the country. He returned to Venezuela in 1936. (He was also in exile during 1939–41 and 1948–58.) In 1941 he founded the bourgeois nationalist party Democratic Action and became one of its leaders. In 1945–47 he headed the government junta. From 1959 to 1964, Betancourt was president of Venezuela. His government established a regime of terror and violence against the Communist Party and other progressive forces and maintained a hostile position toward revolutionary Cuba. Since 1964 he has been living in Switzerland, maintaining contact with the leaders of Democratic Action.

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References in periodicals archive ?
In 1958, the first president of Venezuela elected under this system was Romulo Betancourt. Betancourt was a former communist, now styling himself as a social democrat willing to bring about socialism through a more gradual process.
Finalmente, de Venezuela, Jovito Villalba (1936), Romulo Betancourt (1947) y J.
Castro apoyo las guerrillas venezolanas en lucha por derrocar el gobierno de Romulo Betancourt. Analistas internacionales como Marcos Alves consideran este periodo como el inicio de la exportacion de la Revolucion Cubana y el momento en que Cuba se convirtio en punta de lanza de la estrategia sovietica de extender el comunismo a America Latina.
Diferentes obstaculos hubo de superar la naciente Democracia, diferentes alzamientos militares, un atentado que casi acaba con la vida de Romulo Betancourt, Presidente Constitucional de Venezuela y la Lucha Armada, que en la region desperto el triunfo de los guerrilleros cubanos al mando de Fidel Castro, que derrotaron al ejercito profesional cubano que defendia al regimen dictatorial de Fulgencio Baptista.
Esta junta fue presidida por Romulo Betancourt y compuesta por dirigentes de AD: Raul Leoni, Luis Beltran Prieto Figueroa, Gonzalo Barrios, los tenientes coroneles Carlos Delgado Chalbaud y Mario Vargas, y el medico independiente Edmundo Fernandez.
Following the 1958 overthrow of military dictator Marcos Perez Jimenez, the so-called transition to democracy initiated by Romulo Betancourt marked a people's struggle for human rights and justice.
Por ello, se observa que posterior a Gomez los patriarcas de la democracia representativa en Venezuela Romulo Betancourt y Rafael Caldera, fundamentalmente, difundieron sus imagenes como gendarme del orden y del progreso." (3) Esta afirmacion es descontextualizada, la figura del gendarme necesario late en el inconsciente colectivo del venezolano y posiblemente de todos los latinoamericanos, es una forma ideologizada del caudillo, pero en Venezuela desde 1958 esa figura ha quedado sepultada, parcial o totalmente.
Los pensadores que hemos considerado son: Jose Santos Chocano, Luis Alberto Sanchez, Mariano Picon-Salas, Ciro Alegria, Manuel Seoane, Waldo Frank, Romulo Betancourt, Alfredo Pareja Diez-Canseco, Alberto Ghiraldo, Samuel Glusberg y Jose Ricardo Morales.
It is unreasonable to expect the author to accept the scholarly consensus of a previous generation (Daniel Levine, for example) that Venezuelan in the 1960s and 1970s was a "model democracy." But it would reassure this reader, at least, if he would recognize that a figure like Romulo Betancourt himself was a product of historical experience, and that his determination not to move too fast in the late 1950s and early 1960s in terms of socioeconomic reform was based on his memories of a previous stint in power when his reforms were judged to have gone too far.
Romulo Betancourt (1978), refiere que en sucesivas entrevistas con grupos militares lo llevaron a la conclusion de que habia hombres de vocacion democratica, convencidos de que el ejercito no debia ser una fuerza deliberante y de la solucion del sufragio libre, como unica formula racional para efectuar cambios de gobierno.
Ciertamente, el espiritu de Tamayo toco el alma de hombres como Romulo Betancourt y el Dr.
Nesse interim, casos pontuais podem ser observados, a exemplo dos governos de Carlos Andres Perez (1974-1979 e 1989-1993) e Romulo Betancourt (1959-1964) que, ainda sendo democraticos, manifestavam essas caracteristicas de lider carismatico e populista.