Romulus


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Romulus

(rŏm`yo͞oləs), in Roman legend, founder of Rome. When Amulius usurped the throne of his brother Numitor, king of Alba LongaAlba Longa
, city of ancient Latium, in the Alban Hills near Lake Albano, c.12 mi (19 km) SE of Rome. It was a city before 1100 B.C. and apparently the most powerful in Latium.
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, he forced Numitor's daughter, Rhea Silvia, to become a vestal virgin so that she would bear no children. However, she became the mother of twin sons, Romulus and Remus, by the god Mars. Amulius then imprisoned Rhea Silvia and set the infants adrift in a basket on the Tiber. They floated safely ashore, where a she-wolf suckled and tended them until the royal shepherd Faustulus and his wife, Acca Larentia, found and reared them. When they were grown, the brothers learned their true identity, killed Amulius, and restored Numitor to the throne. They then decided to establish a city of their own where they had been first rescued from the Tiber. When Romulus was chosen by an omen as the true founder of the new city, strife arose between the brothers, and Romulus killed Remus. He then populated his city with fugitives from other countries; to get wives he and his fellow Romans abducted the women of the neighboring Sabine tribe (see SabinesSabines
, ancient people of central Italy, centered principally in the Sabine Hills, NE of Rome. Not much dependable information on them can be gathered. They were probably Oscan-speaking and therefore may be classed among the Sabelli.
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). After a long reign, Romulus disappeared in a thunderstorm and was thereafter worshiped as the god QuirinusQuirinus
, in Roman religion, an early god, possibly of war. Worshiped originally by the Sabines, he was one of the chief gods of ancient Rome, associated with Jupiter and Mars. In the late republic he was identified with Romulus, legendary founder of Rome.
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. Roman historians traditionally set the date of Rome's founding at 753 B.C.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Romulus

 

according to Roman legend, the founder and first ruler of Rome (754/753–717/716 B.C.). According to the legend, Romulus and his brother, Remus—sons of the vestal Rhea Silvia and the god Mars—were nursed by a she-wolf and raised by a shepherd. The establishment of such Roman institutions as the senate and the curia, the organization of the army, and the division of Roman citizens into patricians and plebeians are ascribed to Romulus.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Romulus

taken to the heavens by Mars in a fiery chariot. [Rom. Myth: Brewer Dictionary, 775]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Romulus contains a number of temporal and physical irregularities that invite further consideration.
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Simplicius Summus Pontifex Romulo Augusto Imperatori et familiae salutem dicit (Babelfish engaged): 1, Simplicius, greet you and your family, Romulus Augustus.
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Romulus chose the Palatine Hill and Remus the Aventine.
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Romulus is trapped in an unhappy marriage with twin sons to care
There is, however, far more in Ovid than the celebration of Romulus's exemplary actions that we find in Livy.
Twin brothers abandoned as infants and raised by a she-wolf, Romulus and Remus represent the civilized and the wild, the colonizer and the colonized.