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Born May 13, 1857, in Almora, India; died Sept. 16, 1932, in London. British parasitologist, microbiologist, and physician. Fellow of the Royal Society of London and the Royal College of Surgeons.
Ross graduated from the medical school of St. Bartholomew’s Hospital in London in 1879. From 1881 to 1899 he worked in India. In 1899 he headed a British medical expedition to West Africa to study malaria mosquitoes (Anopheles). After his return to England, he was professor of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine from 1902 to 1917. In 1926 he became director of the Institute and Hospital of Tropical Diseases (now the Ross Institute and Hospital of Tropical Diseases).
Ross experimentally infected birds with tropical malaria by means of mosquito bites. This enabled Ross to determine the life cycle of the causative agent of malaria in man and to establish the role of anopheline mosquitoes in transmitting that disease.
Ross was a member of the medical academies of Paris and Turin and of the Royal Academy of Belgium. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1902 for his work on malaria.
WORKSThe Prevention of Malaria. London, 1910.
Studies on Malaria. London, 1928.