Rondon, Cândido Mariano da Silva

Rondon, Cândido Mariano da Silva

(kän`dētho͝o mərēä`no͝o thä sēl`və ro͝ondôn`), 1865–1958, Brazilian explorer and founder of the Indian Protection Service. A major in the army, he was appointed in 1907 to build a telegraph network through the rain forest of NW Brazil, and became concerned with the problems of the indigenous peoples. In 1910 he formed the Indian Protection Service, which he developed into one of the most humane organizations of its kind in the Americas. He was made a marshal in 1955. The Brazilian state of RondôniaRondônia
, state (1996 pop. 1,132,692), 93,839 sq mi (243,043 sq km), NW Brazil, on the border with Bolivia. Pôrto Velho is the capital. Rain forests still cover much of the state, although by the 1980s deforestation had begun to emerge as a serious environmental
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 is named after him.
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