Salvator Rosa

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Salvator Rosa:

see Rosa, SalvatorRosa, Salvator
, 1615–73, Italian baroque painter, etcher, and poet of the Neapolitan school. In 1635, Rosa went to Rome, where he established his reputation with his painting Prometheus (Corsini Palace, Rome). He satirized the great Roman sculptor and architect G.
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.

Rosa, Salvator

(sälvätōr` rô`zä), 1615–73, Italian baroque painter, etcher, and poet of the Neapolitan school. In 1635, Rosa went to Rome, where he established his reputation with his painting Prometheus (Corsini Palace, Rome). He satirized the great Roman sculptor and architect G. L. BerniniBernini, Giovanni Lorenzo or Gianlorenzo
, 1598–1680, Italian sculptor and architect, b. Naples. He was the dominant figure of the Italian baroque.
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 and moved to Florence in 1640 to avoid Bernini's wrath and to work for the Medici family, painting, writing poems and satires, composing music, and acting. He returned permanently to Rome in 1649. Rosa is best known for his spirited battle pieces painted in the style of Falcone, for his marines, and especially for his landscapes. His large historical works are considered less successful. His landscapes are usually desolate scenes, painted in a tempestuous manner. His works are in many major European museums; a self-portrait is in the Metropolitan Museum. He began etching in 1660 and produced over 100 fine plates. Several of his satiric poems are well known.

Bibliography

See E. W. Manwaring, Italian Landscape (1925, repr. 1965).

Rosa, Salvator

 

Born June 20 or July 21, 1615, in Arenel-la, Campania; died Mar. 15, 1673, in Rome. Italian painter, engraver, and poet.

Rosa worked in Naples, Florence, and Rome. His art, which contained a distinctive romantic protest against existing social norms, opposed the academic direction of the Italian baroque. Many of his paintings and etchings are devoted to religious and mythological themes, for example, Astraea Bids Farewell to the Peasants (Historical Museum of Art, Vienna). Particularly well known are Rosa’s scenes of cavalry skirmishes and views of wild coastal regions. The artist’s works are distinguished by sharp contrasts of light and shadow. Rosa employed free brush-strokes and favored a gloomy leaden brown palette.

In his poetry, which included seven satires written in terza rima, Rosa used complex allegories and whimsically dramatic images, which caustically ridiculed contemporary trends in Italian literature and castigated the vices of the ruling classes. In the satire War the author sympathetically described the anti-feudal uprising in Naples of the urban lower classes led by Ma-saniello.

REFERENCES

Sal’vator Roza: 1615–73. (Album. Preface by T. Znamerovskaia.) Moscow, 1972.
Limentani, U. Bibliographia delta vita e delle opere di Salvator Rosa. [Florence, 1955.]
Carbone, A. Salvator Rosa: Vita ed opera. Naples, 1968.