Rose, Gustav(go͝os`täf rō`zə), 1798–1873, German mineralogist. He served as professor at the Univ. of Berlin from 1839. Noted especially as a crystallographer, he advanced the scientific study of rocks. His brother, Heinrich Rose, 1795–1864, an analytical chemist, was professor at the Univ. of Berlin from 1823. He demonstrated (1844) that niobium (columbium) and tantalum are different elements.
Born Mar. 18, 1798, in Berlin; died there July 15, 1873. German mineralogist and crystallographer.
Rose became a professor at the University of Berlin in 1826 and in 1856 was named director of the university’s mineralogi-cal museum. In 1829 he accompanied the German scientist A. von Humboldt to the Urals, the Altai, and the Caspian Sea. Rose described the deposits of various minerals in the Il’men’ Mountains. He studied the relationship between the shape and composition of crystals and proposed a crystallochemical classification for minerals. He also studied and described the composition of meteorites. Rose was a foreign corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1830).
WORKSElemente der Krystallographie, 3rd ed. vols. 1–3. Berlin, 1873–87.
Reise nach dem Ural, dem Altai und dem Kaspischen Meere, vols. 1–2. Berlin, 1837–42. (With A. von Humboldt and G. Ehrenberg.)