Rosenberg, Alfred

Rosenberg, Alfred

Rosenberg, Alfred (älˈfrĕt rōˈzənbĕrk), 1893–1946, German Nazi leader. He was born in Reval (now Tallinn, Estonia), and studied architecture in Riga, and later in Moscow. Returning to Reval, he became active as a political ideologist until he fled (1919) to Germany to escape arrest for counterrevolutionary speeches. There he joined the National Socialist party and became the editor of the party organ, Völkischer Beobachter. The author of an anti-Christian, anti-Semitic, and neopagan book, Der Mythus des 20. Jahrhunderts [the myth of the 20th cent.] (1930), he supplied Adolf Hitler with the spurious philosophical and scientific basis for his racist doctrine (see National Socialism). Rosenberg was made (1933) foreign affairs secretary of the party and distinguished himself as the foremost anti-Bolshevik among its leaders. In 1941 he was appointed minister for the occupied Eastern territories. Convicted as a war criminal at the Nuremberg trials, he was executed.


See his memoirs (tr. 1949) and his Selected Writings, ed. by R. Pois (1970); R. Cecil, The Myth of the Master Race: Alfred Rosenberg and Nazi Ideology (1972).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rosenberg, Alfred


Born Jan. 12, 1893, in Tallinn; died Oct. 16, 1946, in Nuremberg. One of the main war criminals of fascist Germany.

In 1923, Rosenberg became editor in chief of the central organ of the Nazi party, Völkischer Beobachter. In The Myth of the Twentieth Century (1930), he published a “substantiation” of the racist views and expansionist foreign policy program of German fascism. In 1933 he became head of the foreign policy department of the National Socialist Party. In July 1941, Rosenberg became minister of the occupied Eastern territories. He was one of the organizers of the mass murders and lootings that were conducted by the German administration in Poland, the USSR, and the other countries temporarily captured by the fascist German troops. Rosenberg was executed by verdict of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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