Rosenquist, James

Rosenquist, James,

1933–2017, American painter, b. Grand Forks, N.Dak., studied Univ. of Minnesota (1952–54), Art Students League, New York City (1955). An important figure in the pop artpop art,
movement that restored realism to avant-garde art; it first emerged in Great Britain at the end of the 1950s as a reaction against the seriousness of abstract expressionism.
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 movement, Rosenquist incorporated disparate and fragmented images of everyday American life and commerce into his huge canvases. Although they are realistically painted, they can appear abstract because of their vast scale and color. Rosenquist borrowed from his earlier experience as a billboard painter in New York City for the style, technique, imagery, and aesthetic of these works. His best-known painting, the epic F-111 (1965, Museum of Modern Art, New York City), is a 51-panel work occupying the long walls (86 ft/26 m) of an entire room; it enigmatically juxtaposes such images as a sleek fighter bomber, a child under a hair dryer, an angel-food cake, a mushroom cloud and beach umbrella, light bulbs, a tire, and a mass of spaghetti, suggesting a connection between consumerist affluence and American militarism. Other familiar images in his composite paintings include cars, celebrities, many kinds of food products, and familiar appliances. Rosenquist, who sometimes worked in sculpture, mixed media, and collage, was also a prolific printmaker.


See C. W. Glenn, Time Dust: James Rosenquist Complete Graphics 1962–1992 (1993); catalogs by J. Goldman (1985), J. Hopps et al. (2003), and C. Ratcliff et al. (2009) and James Rosenquist: Four Decades: 1970–2010 (2017); his autobiography, Painting below Zero: Notes on a Life in Art (2009, with D. Dalton).

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Rosenquist, James

(1933–  ) painter; born in Grand Forks, N.D. He studied at the Art Students League, New York (1954–55), settled in New York (1957), and became associated with the pop art movement of the 1960s. He painted billboards in Times Square (1958–60), and used this approach in his most famous work, F-111 (1965), an antimilitary protest. Beginning in 1963 he created room environments, as in Horizon Home Sweet Home (1970).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Artist books and prints with Amy Cutler, Carroll Dunham, Orly Genger, Jane Hammond, Bill Jensen, Jasper Johns, Joey Kotting, Julian Lethbridge, Suzanne McClelland, Jason Middlebrook, Elizabeth Murray, Robert Rauschenberg, James Rosenquist, James Siena, Kiki Smith, Richard Tuttle, Terry Winters, Lisa Yuskavage.