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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(rosemary), a genus of plants of the family La-biatae. The plants are evergreen shrubs with erect ascending or, less frequently, prostrate branches. The leathery, linear leaves are subsessile and have curled margins and white tomentose undersides. The flowers have a bluish or, less commonly, pink or white bilabiate corolla measuring 10–12 mm long; they are gathered in axillary racemose inflorescences.

There are one to three similar species of rosemary, which are distributed in the Mediterranean region. The leaves and flowering shoots of the plant yield a volatile oil used in pefume and medicine. The flowers and leaves are used in cooking, for baths, and as an insecticide. Rosemary (R. officinalis) is grown in Europe for its aromatic oil and as an ornamental. In the USSR the plant is raised in the southern regions, mainly on the southern coast of the Crimea and in the Caucasus; in more northerly regions it is grown in pots and tubs.

Rosemary is propagated by cuttings and, less often, by seeds. Its greens are harvested the second or third year after planting. The average harvest of dry rosemary is 1–3 tons per hectare; the amount of essential oil obtained from the dry mass is 1.5–2.5 percent.


Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 5. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Antibacterial and resistance modifying activity of Rosmarinus officinalis.
This is consistent with previous studies (Ibarra et al., 2011) showing that CA-rich dietary rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) leaf extract limited weight gain and decreased cholesterol levels in animal models.
Mourad et al., "Antimicrobial activity of Rosmarinus eriocalyx essential oil and polyphenols: an endemic medicinal plant from Algeria," Journal of Coastal Life Medicine, vol.
Klebsiella pneumoniae MIC (mg/mL) MMC (mg/mL) Pfaffia paniculata 12,5 25 Juglans regia 6,25 6,25 Rosmarinus officinalis 12,5 25
The essential oil mixture was made up of Citrus sinensis/orange peel oil, Mentha piperita/peppermint leaf oil, Syzygium aromaticum/clove bud oil, and Rosmarinus officinalis/rosemary flower and leaf oil in equal amounts.
Ocimum basilicum, Rosmarinus officinalis and Origanum vulgare extracts caused inhibition of the isolated ampicillin resistant organisms (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) but effect of Thymus vulgaris was more pronounced.
We previously demonstrated that carnosic acid isolated from leaves of Rosmarinus officinalis L (Lamiaceae), commonly known as rosemary, was the major antimicrobial compound against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and yeasts (Moreno et al., 2006).
Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary) is plant belonging to the family Labiateae.
In vivo assessment of antidiabetic and antioxidant activities of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) in alloxan-diabetic rabbits.