Rosmini-Serbati, Antonio

Rosmini-Serbati, Antonio

(äntō`nyō rōzmē`nē-sĕrbä`tē), 1797–1855, Italian theologian. Ordained a priest in 1821, he attempted to establish a philosophical system based on Roman Catholicism but incorporating modern political and social ideas. Politically, he believed in a form of Italian nationalism in which the pope would head the combined states as a perpetual president. He founded (1828) the Institute of the Brethren of Charity (Rosminians), whose members were laymen and clergy devoted to education and charity, a movement that spread to England and the United States. In 1830, Rosmini wrote Nuovo saggio sull origine delle idee (tr. Origin of Ideas, 1883–86), which presented some of his basic philosophical beliefs. In 1848 his Cinque piaghe della Santa Chiesa (tr. The Five Wounds of the Holy Church, 1883) appeared. This book aroused instant opposition, particularly from the Jesuits, and it was placed on the Index, although later released.

Bibliography

See J. F. Bruno, Rosmini's Contribution to Ethical Philosophy (1916); biography by C. Leetham (1959).

Rosmini-Serbati, Antonio

 

Born Mar. 25, 1797, in Ro-vereto; died July 1, 1855, in Stresa. Italian philosopher and theologian; public and church figure.

Ordained in 1821, Rosmini graduated from the University of Padua in 1822. He was an active participant in the movement for the unification of Italy (the Risorgimento). Rosmini’s Of the Five Wounds of the Holy Church, which contained a program for liberal constitutional reforms, was put on the papal Index of Forbidden Books in 1849.

In philosophy Rosmini was responsible for the most influential attempt in Catholicism—aside from neo-Thomism—to use Platonist and Augustinian positions to master the problems of modern European philosophy, especially those raised by German classical idealism and, above all, by I. Kant. Rosmini reduced the Kantian a priori forms of knowledge to an innate idea of potential existence that comes from god and makes all knowledge possible. For Rosmini the epistemological problem becomes the foundation for the proof of the existence of god (The Origin of Ideas, 1830).

In the 20th century, Rosmini’s ideas have served as a source of Christian spiritualism, an idealist philosophical current that is especially influential in Italy, where M. F. Sciacca is among its main proponents.

WORKS

Edizione nazionale delle opere, vols. 1–45. Rome-Padua, 1934–73—.
Teosofía, vols. 1–2. Milan, 1967.
Epistolario filosofico. Trapani, 1968.
Tommaseo, N., and A. Rosmini. Carteggio edito e inedito, vols. 1–3. Milan, 1967–69.

REFERENCES

Ern, V. F. Rozmini i ego teoriia znaniia. Moscow, 1914.
Ern, V. F. Filosofiia Dzhoberti. Moscow, 1916.
Istoriiafilosofii, vol. 3. Moscow, 1943. Pages 486–90.
Radice, G. Annali di A. Rosmini Serbati, vols. 1–3. Milan, 1967–70—.
Sciacca, M. F. Interpretazioni rosminiane, 2nd ed. Milan, 1963.
Riwa, C. AttualitàdiA. Rosmini. Rome, 1970.
Bergamaschi, C. Bibliografía rosminiana, vols. 1–2. Milan, 1967.
Bergamaschi, C. Bibliografía degli scritti editi di A. Rosmini Serbati, vols. 1–2. Milan, 1970.

N. V. KOTRELEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Fastiggi, Rosmini-Serbati, Antonio, in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CATHOLIC SOCIAL THOUGHT, SOCIAL SCIENCE AND SOCIAL POLICY 922, 922-23 (Michael L.
Fastiggi, Rosmini-Serbati, Antonio, BL., in 2 NEW CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA SUPPLEMENT 2010, at 959, 961 (2010).