Ernest Jones

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Jones, Ernest,

1879–1958, British psychoanalyst, b. Wales. He taught (1910–13) at the Univ. of Toronto and was director (1908–13) of the Ontario Clinic for Nervous Diseases. He founded the International Journal of Psychoanalysis and served as its editor from 1920 to 1939. In 1925, he founded the London Clinic for Psycho-analysis. A follower and colleague of Sigmund FreudFreud, Sigmund
, 1856–1939, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Moravia, he lived most of his life in Vienna, receiving his medical degree from the Univ. of Vienna in 1881.

His medical career began with an apprenticeship (1885–86) under J.
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, Jones was instrumental in introducing the study of psychoanalysispsychoanalysis,
name given by Sigmund Freud to a system of interpretation and therapeutic treatment of psychological disorders. Psychoanalysis began after Freud studied (1885–86) with the French neurologist J. M.
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 into England and the United States and coined the term rationalization as a corollary to the theory of defense mechanismsdefense mechanism,
in psychoanalysis, any of a variety of unconscious personality reactions which the ego uses to protect the conscious mind from threatening feelings and perceptions.
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. Considered an authoritative biographer of Freud, his writings include The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud (3 vol., 1953–57) and Free Associations: Memories of a Psychoanalyst (1959).

Bibliography

See biography by V. Brome (1983).

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