Roussillon

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Roussillon

(ro͞osēyôN`), small region and former province, S France, bordering on Spain along the Pyrenees and on the Mediterranean, part of the administrative region of Occitania. It is now roughly coextensive with Pyrénées-OrientalesPyrénées-Orientales
, department (1990 pop. 367,100), S France, in Roussillon, on the Mediterranean Sea. Perpignan is the capital.
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 dept. PerpignanPerpignan
, city (1990 pop. 108,049), capital of Pyrénées-Orientales dept., S France, near the Spanish border and the Mediterranean. It is a farm trade center, handling wine, fruits, and vegetables.
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 is the historical capital. Wine, fruit, and olives are the chief products of this fertile and densely populated region, which also has a tourist industry. The area has changed hands many times, from the Romans, who arrived c.121 B.C., through the Visigoths, the Arabs, the Carolingians, the Spaniards, the counts of Barcelona, and the kings of Aragón, France, and Majorca. Louis XIII conquered it from Spain in 1642, and French possession of the Catalan-speaking region was confirmed by the Treaty of the Pyrenees (1659).

Roussillon

 

a historical region in southern France, located along the Mediterranean Sea and the Spanish border; the territory forms the present-day department of Pyrénées-Orientales.

The name “Roussillon” derives from the capital of the Sordons, a tribe that settled this region (in Latin, Ruscino). Circa 800, Roussillon was a countship in the state of Charlemagne (part of the Spanish March). In 915 the rule of the counts of Roussillon became hereditary.

In 1172, Roussillon passed by inheritance to the king of Aragon but remained under French sovereignty until 1258, when Louis IX yielded sovereign rights over Roussillon to the kings of Aragon. From 1276 to 1344 it belonged to the kingdom of Mallorca. In the 12th through 15th centuries, cities developed rapidly in Roussillon, particularly Perpignan, which became not only a major center for crafts, trade, and culture but also the capital of the kingdom of Mallorca. In 1463 the French king Louis XI annexed Roussillon, exploiting the king of Aragon’s request for help against the Catalonians, who rebelled in 1462. In 1493, under the Treaty of Barcelona, France returned Roussillon to Spain.

The long struggle between France and Spain over Roussillon ended in the 17th century. Under the provisions of the Peace of the Pyrenees in 1659, Roussillon was made part of France and became a French province. During the French Revolution, the province ceased to exist under the new system of administrative divisions. However, the Catalan language and a unique culture were preserved in the region.

Roussillon

a former province of S France: united with Aragon in 1172; passed to the French crown in 1659; now forms part of the region of Languedoc-Roussillon
References in periodicals archive ?
The new governor isA occupying the positionA facing opposition from Puerto Ricans who see her as part of Rossello's inner circle.A
The high court's ruling followed weeks of political turmoil with Rossello resigning after of days of protests demanding he step down.
"I turn to all my fellow Puerto Ricans to ask them for peace and tranquillity," said GonzEilez, a Republican and member of Rossello's party, adding: "The new governor, Wanda VEizquez, has all my support, experience and resources." Multiple Democratic members of the US Congress urged their colleagues not to use the political turmoil as a reason to limit federal funding for the disaster-rocked island or to block a plan to increase federal Medicare funding for the island by $12bn over four years..
A crowd of thousands outside the governor's mansion in San Juan erupted into cheers and singing after Rossello's announcement late on Wednesday.
"I announce that I will be resigning from the Governor's post effective Friday, August 2 at 5 pm," Al Jazeera quoted Rossello as saying.
Mr Rossello dug his heels in late Monday after what seems to have been the biggest protest the island has seen in nearly two decades.
It comes a day after Mr Rossello said he would not step down over a leaked online chat in which he and top aides exchanged obscenity-laced messages.
Hundreds of thousands of people were expected to take over one of the island's busiest roads to press demands for the resignation of Mr Rossello over an obscenity-laced leaked online chat and federal corruption charges against his administration.
The demonstration in the capital San Juan came a day after Mr Rossello announced that he would not quit, but sought to calm the unrest by promising not to seek re-election or continue as head of his prostatehood political party.
US Senator Marco Rubio (R-FL) released to video addressing the calls for Governor Ricardo Rossello to resign following allegations of corruption in his administration.
Two of Puerto Rico's top government officials resigned on Saturday following the publication of a bombshell group chat in which Governor Ricardo Rossello and his closest allies exchanged controversial messages that have led to widespread calls for Rossello to also step down.
Ricardo Rossello responded on Tuesday to Donald Trump's latest attacks on the island by telling the US president that "we are not your adversaries, we are your citizens".