Rossi, Pellegrino Luigi Edoardo, Conte

Rossi, Pellegrino Luigi Edoardo, Conte

(pĕl'lāgrē`nō lwē`jē ādōär`dō kôn`tā rôs`sē), 1787–1848, Italian political leader and jurist. As a supporter of Joachim MuratMurat, Joachim
, 1767–1815, marshal of France, king of Naples (1808–15). He left his theological studies to enter the army and fought in Egypt under Napoleon, whom he helped (1799) in the coup of 18 Brumaire.
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, Rossi was obliged to flee Italy (1815) when Murat fell. He went first to Geneva, where he became a noted professor of law and an active politician, then to Paris (1833), where he taught at the Collège de France, became a citizen, and was raised to the peerage. Louis Philippe sent him as ambassador to the Holy See, where he favored the election of Pope Pius IXPius IX,
1792–1878, pope (1846–78), an Italian named Giovanni M. Mastai-Ferretti, b. Senigallia; successor of Gregory XVI. He was cardinal and bishop of Imola when elected pope.
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. After the upheaval (1848) in France, Rossi became president of the council in the pope's first constitutional government. A moderate reformer, he was the target of both radicals and reactionaries. He was assassinated by radicals. Rossi wrote treatises on economics.
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