Rosso, Il

Rosso, Il

(ēl rôs`sō), 1495–1540, Italian painter, one of the founders of mannerismmannerism,
a style in art and architecture (c.1520–1600), originating in Italy as a reaction against the equilibrium of form and proportions characteristic of the High Renaissance.
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, b. Florence. His real name was Giovan Battista di Iacopo di Gasparre. Influences of Andrea del Sarto and Pontormo are evident in his first work, The Assumption (the Annunziata, Florence), a painting in which there is already a distorted treatment of space and a dissonant use of color. Rosso's figures become more elongated and entwined in the Deposition from the Cross (Volterra) and in the startling Daughters of Jethro (Uffizi). In 1523 he went to Rome. After the sack of Rome (1527) he worked in various towns of Italy and then traveled to France. By 1532 he had become the official painter to King Francis I. Together with PrimaticcioPrimaticcio, Francesco
, 1504–70, Italian painter, called Le Primatice by the French. He was influenced by Correggio and by Michelangelo. As assistant to Giulio Romano in the frescoing of the Palazzo del Tè in Mantua, he adapted the master's methods of illusionism
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, he worked on the decoration of the royal château at Fontainebleau. They were both influential in bringing the artistic currents of Italy to France.
References in periodicals archive ?
It features papers by Cesare De Michelis with "Umanita di Berto"; by Francesca Parmeggiani with "Berto intellettuale eccentrico: intorno a Modesta proposta per prevenire"; and by Goffredo Buccini with "L'Italia di Berto, ieri e oggi." The second part focuses on Berto's narrative output with an emphasis on his principal works, such as Il cielo e rosso, Il male oscuro, and La gloria.