Rossokhin, Ilarion

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rossokhin, Ilarion Kalinovich


Born 1707 or 1717; died 1761. One of the first Russian sinologues.

Rossokhin studied the Chinese and Manchurian languages in Peking from 1729 to 1740. During his subsequent 20 years of work as a teacher of Chinese and Manchurian and as translator for the Academy of Arts and Sciences, he translated a great number of Chinese and Manchurian texts, primarily in history and geography. Together with A. L. Leont’ev, he translated and provided commentaries for the 16-volume Detailed Description of the Origins and Conditions of the Manchurian People and the Eight-Banner Manchurian Army (1784). About 30 manuscripts of Rossokhin’s translations are preserved in the archives of Leningrad, Moscow, and Kazan.


Taranovich, V. P. “I. Rossokhin, i ego trudy po kitaevedeniiu.” In the collection Sovetskoe vostokovedenie, issue 3. Moscow-Leningrad, 1945.
Strenina, A. V. “U istokov russkogo i mirovogo kitaevedeniia.” Sovetskaia etnografiia, 1950, no. 1.
Skachkov, P. E. “O neizvestnykh rukopisiakh Lariona Rossokhina.” Narody Azii i Afriki, 1965, no. 1.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.