Michael Rostovtzeff

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Rostovtzeff, Michael Ivanovich

 

(also Rostovtsev, Rostovzeff). Born Oct. 29 (Nov. 10), 1870, in Kiev; died Oct. 20, 1952, in New Haven, Conn. Russian historian of antiquity and archaeologist.

Rostovtzeff was educated at the universities of Kiev and St. Petersburg. In 1898 he became a privatdocent, and in 1901 a professor at the University of St. Petersburg, where he remained until his emigration from Soviet Russia in 1918. From 1920 to 1925 he was a professor at the University of Wisconsin in Madison, and from 1925 to 1944 a professor at Yale University in New Haven. During the years 1928–37 he headed the excavations at Dura-Europos. Rostovtzeff was a member of many academies and learned societies, as well as the recipient of honorary doctorates from several universities. He concentrated on the socioeconomic aspects of Hellenism and the Roman Empire and on the ancient history of southern Russia, where he elucidated the complex interrelationships between Greek, Persian, and local cultures. He also made a critical survey of the literary and archaeological sources pertaining to the history of the Scythians and the Bosporan state (The Scythians and the Bosporus, 1925).

Rostovtzeff s overall conception of the Greek and Roman world’s development, as set forth in his general works on the socioeconomic history of Hellenism and Rome, is one of modernization. It is built on a recognition of the existence in antiquity of capitalism, an entrepreneurial Greek and Roman bourgeoisie, and proletarian revolutions. Still, the huge mass of factual material collected by Rostovtzeff, his meticulous treatment and synthesis of this material, and a number of the conclusions he draws are of great scholarly interest.

WORKS

Istoriia gosudarstvennogo otkupa ν Rimskoi imperii (ot Avgusta do Diokletiana). St. Petersburg, 1899.
Ellinistichesko-rimskii arkhitekturnyipeizazh. St. Petersburg, 1908.
Rozhdenie rimskoi imperii. Petrograd, 1918.
Studien zur Geschichte des römischen Kolonates. Berlin-Leipzig, 1910.
Mystic Italy. New York [1927].
Dura-Europos and Its Art. Oxford, 1938.
The Social and Economic History of the Roman Empire. Oxford, 1926.
A History of the Ancient World, vols. 1–2. Oxford, 1926–27.
The Social and Economic History of the Hellenistic World, vols. 1–3. Oxford, 1941.

REFERENCES

Borozdin, I. Uchenyezaslugi M. I. Rostovtseva. [Moscow, 1915.]
Momigliano, A. “In Memoria di M. Rostovtzeff.” Revista storica italiana, 1953, [vol.] 65, issue 4.

V. I. KUZISHCHIN

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El mismo concuerda por una parte, con la tesis de Rostovtzeff, acerca del debilitamiento de la alta cultura de las elites urbanas en tiempos de la anarquia militar, y por otra, con la de Geza Alfoldi, quien destaco la desaparicion gradual de la esfera politica, del sector dirigente cultivado, basado en los ordenes senatorial y ecuestre, y las consecuencias politicas y sociales que se derivaron de este fenomeno (6).
Y Rostovtzeff, en su ultima obra maestra, se limito a senalar que Mesopotamia ofrecia un panorama muy variado ...
En este ultimo capitulo, Jongman hace un analisis del escenario metodologico, teorico y conceptual del que nacio su trabajo, desde Rostovtzeff hasta Finley, pasando por el maltusianismo.
The pioneering study of their associations with villas was done by Michael Rostovtzeff, "Pompeianische Landschaften und romische Villen," Jahrbuch des Kaiserlich Deutschen Archaologischen Instituis 19 (1904): 103-126.
Y, desde luego, defendio la radical inverosimilitud de un capitalismo antiguo, tesis que habia sido sostenida por historiadores modernizadores de la Antiguedad, tales como Eduard Meyer (1983) o Mijail Rostovtzeff (1967).
Momigliano analiza el proceso de "helenizacion" en el mundo romano, entendiendolo como un fenomeno cultural dinamico que es producto, ya no de un simple proceso de "aculturacion" o "fusion cultural" como sostenian autores como Rostovtzeff (1941) y Tarn y Griffith (1952), sino que forma parte de una estrategia de resistencia pasiva frente al conquistador por parte del grupo dominado.
Rostovtzeff" sostuvo la existencia en los ultimos tiempos republicanos de la Ciudad estado de un comercio de participaciones (170).
Mas tarde, Rostovtzeff sento las bases de la historiografia posterior al establecer una rigida separacion entre los Flavios y Antoninos y la dinastia de los Severos, con los que la situacion politica y economica se hizo insostenible para todas las capas sociales (Rostovtzeff, 1981: 292-293).
Eine interessante Idee finden wir bei Michael Rostovtzeff. Fur ihn, war der Krieg kein Resultat aggressiver Absichten der Romer oder der Makedonier (38), sondern eine irrige Wahrnehmung Roms hinsichtlich seiner eigenen Sicherheit (39).
I have explored elsewhere how modernist historians like Meyer, Beloch and Rostovtzeff, who were the first to integrate economic, social and cultural history into the traditional narrative of political history, employed the Eurocentric approach to historical change in order to create a dynamic account of ancient history.
145- 146; Michael ROSTOVTZEFF, Historia Social y Economica del Imperio Romano, Madrid (trad.), 1973, pp.