Roszak, Theodore(rô`shäk), 1907–81, American sculptor, b. Poland. Commencing his artistic career as a painter, Roszak began in the late 1930s to create constructions in plastics and metal. In the postwar period his style underwent an abrupt change in the direction of irregular and explosive forms, symbolic and fantastic in content. Roszak's Thorn Blossom (Whitney Mus., New York City) and Whaler of Nantucket (1952; Art Inst. of Chicago) are representative examples that carried sculpture toward abstract expressionismabstract expressionism,
movement of abstract painting that emerged in New York City during the mid-1940s and attained singular prominence in American art in the following decade; also called action painting and the New York school.
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See study by H. H. Arnason (1956).
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Roszak, Theodore(1907–81) sculptor, lithographer; born in Poznan, Poland. After emigration to Chicago (1909), he studied at the Art Institute there (1922–25), the National Academy of Design, N.Y. (1926), produced lithographs, studied in Europe (1929–30), and settled in New York City (1931). He became known for his constructivist sculptures, as in the hammered surfaces of Specter of Kitty Hawk (1946–47).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.