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(rătăn`), name for a number of plants of the genera Calamus, Daemonorops, and Korthalsia climbing palms of tropical Asia, belonging to the family Palmae (palmpalm,
common name for members of the Palmae, a large family of chiefly tropical trees, shrubs, and vines. Most species are treelike, characterized by a crown of compound leaves, called fronds, terminating a tall, woody, unbranched stem.
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 family). Rattan leaves, unlike those of most palms, are not clustered into a crown; they have long, whiplike barbed tips by which the plant climbs to the tops of trees. From the stem, noted for its extraordinary length (often several hundred feet) is obtained the rattan cane of commerce, a slender, flexible tough cane of uniform diameter, usually split for wickerwork, baskets, and chair seats and left entire for walking sticks, e.g., the Malacca cane. A resin that exudes from the fruit is known commercially as dragon's blooddragon's blood,
name for a red resin obtained from a number of different plants. It was held by early Greeks, Romans, and Arabs to have medicinal properties; Dioscorides and other early writers described it.
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. Rattan plants are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Arecales, family Palmae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also ratan or rotan), a liana of the family Palmae, especially of the genus Calamus and closely related genera (for example, Daemonorops). The slender stems usually measure 3–5 cm in diameter and are very long (reaching 150–180 m or, according to other data, 300 m). The lianas climb with the aid of modified leaves or, sometimes, inflorescences, reaching the crowns of trees in the canopy of tropical rain forests. Some species, such as Calamus arborescens and C. erecta, have erect stems measuring as much as 6 m in height. The leaves are pinnate and end in a long tendril having recurved, claw-like barbs. Sometimes the axis of the inflorescence ends similarly. In some species the axis has been completely transformed into a “whip” clinging to the support, and normally developed inflorescences appear only on the top of the stem. Rattans are usually dioecious plants. The large, ovate fruits are edible in many species.

There are more than 350 rattan species, distributed primarily in tropical Asia. A few species are found in the tropics of Africa and Australia. The best-known species is Calamus rotang. The strong flexible stems of rattan are used in building, furniture-making, and the production of wicker items and boating and fishing gear. Calamus caesius and Calamus leiocaulis are cultivated for such purposes on the Malay Archipelago.


Furtado, C. X. “Palmae Malesicae—XIX. The Genus Calamus in the Malayan Peninsula.” The Gardens’ Bulletin in Singapore, 1956, vol. 15.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Any of several long-stemmed, climbing palms, especially of the genera Calanius and Daemonothops ; stem material is used to make walking sticks, wickerwork, and cordage.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


, ratan
1. any of the climbing palms of the genus Calamus and related genera, having tough stems used for wickerwork and canes
2. the stems of such plants collectively
3. a stick made from one of these stems
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The tone for a bruising showdown between the two sides was set by 34-year-old Dnipro midfielder Rotan (right), who dismissed Ireland for relying on a robust up-and-at-'em approach.
However there was nothing Sevilla keeper Sergio Rica could do to prevent Rotan from levelling with a 44th-minute free kick.
Dnipro had their best period in the final 10 minutes and the scoring opportunities converted into a goal in the 82nd minute when Rotan's pass found Eugene Shakhov who sent the ball into the top corner of Brugge's net.
Rotan said: "We got our tactics right but the players had to work hard and show full commitment.
The survey asked questions about employee compensation that were similar to those used by Rotan in 1999.
Gerrard, booked earlier for a flailing arm on Rotan, was harshly dismissed in the closing moments for a second caution shown for a robust yet seemingly fair challenge on Denys Garmash.
[bar] UP IN THE AIR: Steven Gerrard tussles with Ukraine''s Ruslan Rotan at Wembley but the Liverpool star saw red late on [bar] AT ARMS LENGTH: England''s Tom Cleverley is held off the ball by Ukraine''s Yevhen Khacheridi
The deepwater gas discovery offshore Malaysia is called Buluh following the Rotan and Biris discoveries made by the firm in Block H in 2007 and 2008, and the Dolfin discovery made in 2010.
(Marotta) Wardell of Worcester; six sisters: Sherrie Lapriore and her husband Gennaro of Worcester, Elaine Rotan and her husband Jeff of New Castle, DE, Toni Lane of Worcester, Jody Elliot and her husband Jeff of Fitzwilliam, NH, Tracy Garceau of Wilmington, DE and Christine Wardell of Worcester; a brother, George Wardell, Jr.
Jordan is consistently increasing volumes of business and holiday tourism and sees the Rotan Hotel Tower as a demand driven iconic
The court also decreed that the man be given 34 strokes of the rotan.
He was born June 19, 1945, in Rotan, Texas, to George and Sara Murphy.