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inflammation of the pharynx



acute or chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx.

Acute pharyngitis in man is caused primarily by microbes (streptococcus, staphylococcus, and pneumococcus) and viruses (grippe and the adenoviruses); in the case of a severe cold or sinusitis, the inflammation frequently spreads to the pharynx from the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. The symptoms of pharyngitis are dryness of the pharynx, painful swallowing—especially in the absence of food or drink—and a body temperature ranging from normal to 37.5°C. Treatment includes gargling with alkaline and disinfectant solutions, drinking warm liquids, and a bland diet.

Chronic pharyngitis may result from repeated acute infections of the pharynx, chronic infections in the nose and paranasal sinuses, chronic tonsillitis, and prolonged irritation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx caused by smoking, alcohol abuse, the inhalation of dust or noxious gases, and overexposure to cold. The symptoms are dryness of the pharynx, a burning or tickling sensation (a “scratchy” throat), painful swallowing, coughing, and the frequent need to expectorate. The condition is treated by removing the causative factors, gargling or rinsing the pharynx with alkaline solutions (inhalation), and applying a solution of Lugol’s caustic in glycerine to the posterior wall of the pharynx.


See references under LARYNGITIS.
Pharyngitis in animals is caused by the penetration of microorganisms in the pharyngeal tissues, usually resulting from a chill to the body or from the effect of extreme cold on the mucous membrane of the pharynx. Certain infectious diseases, such as anthrax, strangles, and pasteurellosis, may be accompanied by pharyngitis. The symptoms include difficulty in swallowing, excessive salivation, nasal discharge (with nasal regurgitation of food), swelling and soreness in the region of the pharynx, and—in acute pharyngitis—elevation of body temperature. Treatment includes application of heat to the affected areas, parenteral treatment with sulfanilamides and antibiotics, and serotherapy.


Inflammation of the pharynx.
References in periodicals archive ?
For the women with low, rough voices, there may a number of reasons why the natural speaking pitch has lowered (a topic for another column).
The 32 years old from the western Herat province, through chapped lips and in a rough voice, said Sunday she would not drink or eat anything until President Hamid Karzai opened an investigation into vote fraud by the woman who has taken over her seat.
and then I hear a rough voice coming from my immediate environment: 'Well, Robert, I am here by your side
He started out slowly with a rough voice but became more clear and energetic after about an hour of speaking.
While Sting with his rough voice accepts Dowland's world of male passions and pains, finds his bearings within it and fills it with his own idea, Jana Lewitova draws Dowland into her own world, and then the listener too, and I must admit that it is a superb world.
2 : having a rough voice <I was hoarse from talking too much.
Sacco and Vanzetti will never forget The sound of your rough voice Or Rosa Luxemburg Or Allen Ginsberg.
You don't want tiddlers lads, ' said a rough voice behind the three policemen, `try the big fish.
Do That There," a vibrant dose of funk--with Shimura's rough voice meshing with the thumping grooves-is worth the price of admission alone.