Rumelia

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Rumelia

or

Roumelia

(both: ro͞omē`lēə), region of S Bulgaria, between the Balkan and Rhodope mts. Historically, Rumelia denoted the Balkan possessions (particularly Thrace and Macedonia, and excluding Bosnia) of the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman province of Rumelia comprised much of present-day Serbia, North Macedonia, Bulgaria, European Turkey, N Greece, and part of Albania. SofiaSofia
, Bulg. Sofiya, city (1993 pop. 1,114,476), capital of Bulgaria, W central Bulgaria, on a high plain surrounded by the Balkan Mts. It is Bulgaria's chief industrial, transportation, and commercial center.
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 was the seat of the governors of Rumelia until 1878. In that year the Treaty of San Stefano, ending a war between Russia and Turkey, created a huge Bulgarian state; but the European powers, fearing that Bulgaria would become a Russian dependency, agreed (see Berlin, Congress ofBerlin, Congress of,
1878, called by the signers of the Treaty of Paris of 1856 (see Paris, Congress of) to reconsider the terms of the Treaty of San Stefano, which Russia had forced on the Ottoman Empire earlier in 1878.
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) to make N Bulgaria an autonomous principality owing nominal allegiance to the Turkish sultan and to create an autonomous province of Eastern Rumelia. This province, with its capital at PlovdivPlovdiv
, anc. Philippopolis, city (1993 pop. 345,205), S central Bulgaria, on the Maritsa River. It is the second largest city of Bulgaria, a transportation hub, and the chief market for a fertile area.
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, comprised, roughly, the part of present Bulgaria situated S of the Balkan Mts. It remained under Turkish sovereignty but enjoyed considerable autonomy and was ruled by a governor appointed by the Ottoman Empire with the approval of the European powers. Resentment at the partition of Bulgaria sparked a revolution at Plovdiv in 1885, and Prince Alexander of Bulgaria annexed Eastern Rumelia, thus incurring the wrath of Russia and Serbia. The Serbians, who also claimed the area, declared war on Bulgaria but were forced to make peace (1886) on the basis of the status quo, while the sultan agreed to name Alexander governor of Eastern Rumelia. This arrangement amounted to a tacit Turkish surrender of the province, which henceforth remained part of Bulgaria, although it was nominally under Ottoman rule until Bulgaria became officially independent in 1908.

Rumelia

 

after the Ottoman Turks conquered Byzantium, the Turkish name of the eyalet (province) that included the countries of the Balkan Peninsula. In the period 1864–66, Rumelia was divided into several smaller vilayets, and the name “Rumelia” was no longer used officially. In the Treaty of Berlin of 1878, the southern part of Bulgaria that remained within the Ottoman Empire was called Eastern Rumelia. Sometimes the name “Rumelia” refers to the European part of Turkey (eastern Thrace).

References in periodicals archive ?
It's a tough trek rewarded with a dip in sparkling sea at the small resort of Agia Roumeli at the end of a six-hour journey.
The stunning Samaria Gorge on the lovely island of Crete promises a tough call but you are rewarded with a dip in sparkling sea at the small resort of Agia Roumeli at the end of your six-hour trek - a seven-night bed and breakfast break at a luxury hotel starts at just pounds 479 a head, based on two sharing (includes return flights and private taxi transfer.
The Spirit of the East, Illustrated in a Journal of Travels through Roumeli during an Eventful Period.
This was first proposed by Patrick Leigh Fermor in his 1966 book Roumeli, and no anthropologist working in Greece can now be without it.
Then there are his two prodigious books about Greece, Mani (1958) and Roumeli (1966), both of them stuffed to bursting with Hellenic arcana.
According to Hart (1990:117) mass executions were "fairly common in areas of central Greece, Thessaly, Roumeli, Macedonia, the Peloponnese, and the island of Crete, although atrocities were by no means limited to those regions." Executions of Greek citizens by the Axis forces resulted in sporadic counter-reprisals against Nazi collaborators and sympathizers by members of the resistance units.
(Barcelona: Acantilado, 2010), y Roumeli: Viajes por el norte de Grecia.
From there, the walk to the exit and on to the beach at the village of Agia Roumeli takes a little over an hour.
The trek ends in the seaside village of Ayia Roumeli which is cut off by the surrounding mountains and is served only by ferry.
The last part of the walk is the most testing as you emerge from the largely shaded gorge proper into the full glare of the sun for the final mile and a half to Agia Roumeli on the coast.
If breathtaking coastal scenery is what you are looking for, then head for the less-developed south coast where the beaches are quieter and you can travel by boat from Hora Sfakion to Ayia Roumeli at the foot of the famous Samaria Gorge, at 18km the longest in Europe.