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derisive name for the supporters of Parliament during the English civil warEnglish civil war,
1642–48, the conflict between King Charles I of England and a large body of his subjects, generally called the "parliamentarians," that culminated in the defeat and execution of the king and the establishment of a republican commonwealth.
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. The name, which originated c.1641, referred to the short haircuts worn by some of the Puritans in contrast to the fashionable long-haired wigs worn by many of the supporters of King Charles I, who were called Cavaliers.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the derisive term used by the supporters of the king for the adherents of Parliament during the English Bourgeois Revolution of the 17th century. It referred to the characteristic haircut (closely cropped) prevalent among the bourgeoisie.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our third image shows a battle between the Musketeers and Pikemen of the Kings Army and the Roundheads taking place on Durham's Palace Green in 1975.
Dave McLoughlin, who provided live commentary and also serves as a lieutenant colonel with the Roundheads, said the English Civil War Society's intention was to celebrate one of British history's most important periods.
At seven o'clock on the morning of May 8, his 3,000 battle-hardened Roundheads faced 8,000 ragtag Royalists armed only with billhooks and scythes, useless against the muskets and terrible 18-foot pikes of the Roundheads, who attacked with dragoons and armoured cavalry on the flanks - the famous "Ironsides."
Roundheads say that this is completely the wrong interpretation of the duties of a council chief executive.
Gloucestershire historian Richard Collins, author of new book 'A Cavalier Among The Roundheads', has discovered an interesting piece of family history.
He stars in Cromwell and Fairfax, which is set during the 17th-century civil war between the Roundheads and Cavaliers.
Although the event was orchestrated by Britain's leading reenactment expert, Howard Giles, and involved enthusiasts from more than twelve historical societies more accustomed to assuming the roles of Roundheads and Cavaliers, over a third of those taking part in the reenactment were volunteers who had been involved in the original conflict, both miners and policemen.
Cavalier poet Any of a group of English gentlemen poets who were Cavaliers (supporters of Charles I [1625-49] during the English Civil Wars, as opposed to the Roundheads, who supported Parliament).
However, under the leadership of Oliver Cromwell, a country gentleman and a committed religious Puritan, the disciplined Parliamentary forces, or "Roundheads," defeated the king in a series of battles in 1644 and 1645.
Bring in a solid fella who has Villa in his blood and has served his apprenticeship, were the voices of the more pragmatic roundheads.
1642: The Royalists narrowly beat the Roundheads at Edgehill in the first major battle of the Civil War.
Before the musket fired, the 20th and 17th centuries must have separated, for the sun dimmed, the skies greyed, and the Roundheads vanished.