Roussel, Raymond

Roussel, Raymond,

1877–1933, French writer. Roussel was an eccentric whose beautifully written work employed hallucinatory imagery while eschewing emotion and the expression of personality. At first generally unappreciated, Roussel's writing—most notably, Impressions d'Afrique (1910) and How I Write Certain of My Books (1935, tr. 1971)—is now recognized as anticipating both surrealismsurrealism
, literary and art movement influenced by Freudianism and dedicated to the expression of imagination as revealed in dreams, free of the conscious control of reason and free of convention.
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 and the nouveau roman [new novel] (see French literatureFrench literature,
writings in medieval French dialects and standard modern French. Writings in Provençal and Breton are considered separately, as are works in French produced abroad (as at Canadian literature, French).
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See biography by M. Ford, Raymond Roussel and the Republic of Dreams (2001); study by M. Foucault (1963, tr. 1987).

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First, the work of Robert Kingdon, Bernard Roussel, Raymond Mentzer, Glenn Sunshine, and others has now made it very clear that the Calvinist church in France was hardly a mirror image of the Calvinist church in Geneva.