Roussillon


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Roussillon

(ro͞osēyôN`), small region and former province, S France, bordering on Spain along the Pyrenees and on the Mediterranean, part of the administrative region of Occitania. It is now roughly coextensive with Pyrénées-OrientalesPyrénées-Orientales
, department (1990 pop. 367,100), S France, in Roussillon, on the Mediterranean Sea. Perpignan is the capital.
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 dept. PerpignanPerpignan
, city (1990 pop. 108,049), capital of Pyrénées-Orientales dept., S France, near the Spanish border and the Mediterranean. It is a farm trade center, handling wine, fruits, and vegetables.
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 is the historical capital. Wine, fruit, and olives are the chief products of this fertile and densely populated region, which also has a tourist industry. The area has changed hands many times, from the Romans, who arrived c.121 B.C., through the Visigoths, the Arabs, the Carolingians, the Spaniards, the counts of Barcelona, and the kings of Aragón, France, and Majorca. Louis XIII conquered it from Spain in 1642, and French possession of the Catalan-speaking region was confirmed by the Treaty of the Pyrenees (1659).

Roussillon

 

a historical region in southern France, located along the Mediterranean Sea and the Spanish border; the territory forms the present-day department of Pyrénées-Orientales.

The name “Roussillon” derives from the capital of the Sordons, a tribe that settled this region (in Latin, Ruscino). Circa 800, Roussillon was a countship in the state of Charlemagne (part of the Spanish March). In 915 the rule of the counts of Roussillon became hereditary.

In 1172, Roussillon passed by inheritance to the king of Aragon but remained under French sovereignty until 1258, when Louis IX yielded sovereign rights over Roussillon to the kings of Aragon. From 1276 to 1344 it belonged to the kingdom of Mallorca. In the 12th through 15th centuries, cities developed rapidly in Roussillon, particularly Perpignan, which became not only a major center for crafts, trade, and culture but also the capital of the kingdom of Mallorca. In 1463 the French king Louis XI annexed Roussillon, exploiting the king of Aragon’s request for help against the Catalonians, who rebelled in 1462. In 1493, under the Treaty of Barcelona, France returned Roussillon to Spain.

The long struggle between France and Spain over Roussillon ended in the 17th century. Under the provisions of the Peace of the Pyrenees in 1659, Roussillon was made part of France and became a French province. During the French Revolution, the province ceased to exist under the new system of administrative divisions. However, the Catalan language and a unique culture were preserved in the region.

Roussillon

a former province of S France: united with Aragon in 1172; passed to the French crown in 1659; now forms part of the region of Languedoc-Roussillon
References in periodicals archive ?
Combining her interest in Roussillon--a region of France inveterately linked to Catalan history and culture--and in nationalism, Zantedeschi explores the relationship and interaction between nation, nationalism, and culture in 19th-century Roussillon. She covers tailoring the repertoire of the French nation, antiquarians and archaeologists: the retrieval of monuments in Roussillon, vernacular languages to be preserved as national heritage: Catalan, the long-standing traditionalist approach to language studies, a transnational cultural context: Occitans and Catalans, and Catalan language and literature in Roussillon 1880-1906.
Advanced composites company Hexcel Corporation (NYSE:HXL) (Paris: HXL.PA) announced on Thursday that it launched its site in Roussillon where it will invest USD250m to construct a carbon fibre plant.
The Cotes du Roussillon sits next to the Languedoc in the south of France and is one of the country's most up-and-coming wine regions.
| Joseph | Joseph Cotes de Roussillon Villages 'Occultum Lapidem', Domaine de Bila-Haut 2011 (PS18.95 www.swig.co.uk) is also from the superior northern vineyards and a blend of syrah, grenache and carignan.
Its Celanese Roussillon business has 30 employees, while the Celanese Tarragona VAM unit employs 70.Country: France, SpainSector: ChemicalsTarget: Celanese Roussillon unit, Celanese Tarragona VAM businessBuyer: Unnamed parties.Vendor: Celanese CorpType: DivestmentStatus: Auction
Roussillon, which hugs the coast, stretching north from the Spanish border and inland to Languedoc, is historically a Catalan-speaking region, and still has very close ties with Spain and Catalonia.
Since 1991 it has been gradually restructured by Jean-Michel Wilmotte, under the forward looking auspices of the Languedoc Roussillon Regional Council.
Abbotts & Delaunay Cotes Du Roussillon Reserve 2013, AOC Cotes du Roussillon, France (PS11.99, new vintage coming soon, www.averys.com): This blend of syrah, grenache, carignan and mouvedre certainly hits the right note.
Specialist materials company Celanese Corporation (NYSE:CE) said on Wednesday that it proposes to sell its acetic anhydride facility in Roussillon, France, and its vinyl acetate monomer (VAM) production unit in Tarragona, Spain, respectively.
You will also visit Barcelona, stay in unspoilt locations on the Catalan coast and in a spa town in the hills of Roussillon.
Contract notice: procedure with negotiation n 08 st 19 - for the award of a public contract of design realization - construction of the gerontological center of roussillon (cgr)
Main features: languedoc roussillon amnagement wishes to entrust to an external service provider the renewal of its copying, printing, scanning and faxing solution.