Row Crops

Row Crops

 

(in Russian, propashnye kul’tury), crops whose normal growth and development require large feeding areas and interrow tillage:

Row crops include (1) grains (corn, buckwheat, millet, beans), (2) commercial crops (sugar beets, cotton, sunflowers, tobacco), (3) vegetables (cabbage, tomatoes, cucumbers, beets, carrots), and (4) forage crops (root crops, feed cabbage, potatoes). Row crops are sown or seedlings are set out by the widerow, square, or checkrow planting method, with 60–90 cm between the rows. Row-crop farming is intensive; in order to obtain high yields, organic and mineral fertilizers are applied in quantities greater than for ordinary drill seeding.

Row crops are generally grown on irrigated land, and some, such as cotton, can be grown only under irrigation. During the growing season, the interrow spaces are hoed two to four times and the rows are weeded to conserve moisture and improve aeration. As a result, the soil’s microbiological activity increases and mobilization of nutrients is intensified. Row crops are valuable precursors of spring grain crops, flax, and hemp. The beneficial effect of row crops extends to the second crop.

References in periodicals archive ?
The program sets a $125,000 cap in each of three categories of commodities: one for soybeans and other row crops, one for pork and dairy, and one for cherries and almonds.
Precision King and JF Phillips Farm teamed up with C Spire, a Mississippi-based telecommunications and technology firm, last year to test the approach on row crops in Tchula and Louise to determine if the new automated furrow-style irrigation techniques could increase selected row crop yields, conserve precious groundwater resources and increase per-acre net revenue for farmers.
Via acquisitions, the company has diversified away from its former leverage to cash row crops, says the analyst.
Due to changing land-use practices, natural grassland nesting sites for nighthawks in the Northern Prairie region are in decline (Tallman et al., 2002; Ng, 2009), and this trend has accelerated recently with grassland conversion to row crops due to higher prices for corn and soybeans (Wright and Wimberly, 2013).
The agreements include Bayer's global glufosinate-ammonium business; seeds businesses including traits, research and breeding capabilities, and trademarks for key row crops in select markets; the vegetable seeds business; the R&D platform for hybrid wheat; a range of seed treatment products; certain glyphosate-based herbicides in Europe, used predominantly for industrial applications; the complete digital farming platform xarvio; certain non-selective herbicide and nematicide research projects.
The Nature Conservancy, along with Nestle Purina and Cargill, is launching a new project in Nebraska focused on improving water sustainability in the beef supply chain by reducing the environmental impact of the irrigated row crops that are, in large part, used to feed cattle.
This purchase is in addition to the agreement BASF and Bayer signed on October 13, 2017, which entails the acquisition of Bayer's global glufosinate-ammonium non-selective herbicide business; seeds businesses for key row crops in select markets and trait research and breeding capabilities for these crops along with the LibertyLink trait and trademark.
"Accumulation of TCE in row crops is not expected," according to the plan, prepared by CDM.
According to the companies, challenging conditions in agricultural markets driven by weak crop prices, especially in row crops, coupled with focus on the organisational merger of Chemtura AgroSolutions, Agriphar and Arysta LifeScience contributed to an unsuccessful launch of the first combination product under the agreement.
The company specialises in the agricultural sector with a particular focus on the dairy industry, and farming in nuts, citrus, vines, tree fruit and row crops.
My personal involvement with food production started when I was a teenager, tending all kinds of row crops on our family farm.