Row Crops

Row Crops

 

(in Russian, propashnye kul’tury), crops whose normal growth and development require large feeding areas and interrow tillage:

Row crops include (1) grains (corn, buckwheat, millet, beans), (2) commercial crops (sugar beets, cotton, sunflowers, tobacco), (3) vegetables (cabbage, tomatoes, cucumbers, beets, carrots), and (4) forage crops (root crops, feed cabbage, potatoes). Row crops are sown or seedlings are set out by the widerow, square, or checkrow planting method, with 60–90 cm between the rows. Row-crop farming is intensive; in order to obtain high yields, organic and mineral fertilizers are applied in quantities greater than for ordinary drill seeding.

Row crops are generally grown on irrigated land, and some, such as cotton, can be grown only under irrigation. During the growing season, the interrow spaces are hoed two to four times and the rows are weeded to conserve moisture and improve aeration. As a result, the soil’s microbiological activity increases and mobilization of nutrients is intensified. Row crops are valuable precursors of spring grain crops, flax, and hemp. The beneficial effect of row crops extends to the second crop.

References in periodicals archive ?
agricultural site 5 must be planted in row crops which may include production of garden vegetables legally permitted for production under federal, state and local laws.
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The market has been further segmented on the basis of crop types such as row crops, fruits & vegetables, and turf & ornamentals.
The teaching farm includes a 1,800-tree olive orchard, a vineyard, fruit orchard, large area of vegetable row crops and livestock barns.
That would mean that Price Services retained about 600 acres of green-timber land for hunting and 464 acres of farmland devoted to rice and row crops.
In connection with the acquisition, the company said, it signed a 10-year lease with three, five-year options to extend with a large farming operation that grows a variety of row crops, including onions, potatoes, carrots, green peas and snap peas, among others.
Cultivating corn or other row crops like potatoes, was a major occupation for old tractors.
Also highlighted were new products from the Xemium family including Priaxor fungicide for row crops and Merivon fungicide for specialty crops.
Between 2008 and 2010, Central Valley farmers switched to conservation tillage on more than 344,000 acres used to grow row crops such as corn and wheat silage; meanwhile, in their 11th year of field research, UC scientists studying no-tillage practices achieved record yields in cotton and tomato.
However, if we thin row crops as they develop, two things happen.