Royal Ballet

Royal Ballet,

the principal British ballet company, based at the Royal Opera House, Covent GardenCovent Garden
, area in London historically containing the city's principal fruit and garden market and the Royal Opera House. The market was established in 1671 by Charles II on the site of the abbot of Westminster's convent garden, from which the area's name is derived.
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, London. It is noted for lavish dramatic productions, a superbly disciplined corps de ballet, and brilliant performances from its principals. Granted a royal charter in 1956, the company was formed from the Sadler's Wells Ballet, which had its origins in the Academy of Choreographic Art, founded by Dame Ninette de ValoisValois, Dame Ninette de
, 1898–2001, English ballet director, b. County Wicklow, Ireland. She was originally named Edris Stannus. After attaining distinction as a dancer, most notably in Diaghilev's Ballets Russes (1923–26), she became choreographic director of both
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 in 1926. Dancers from the academy achieved renown in the 1930s as the Vic-Wells Ballet, performing at the Old VicOld Vic,
London repertory company and theater. The Old Vic theater opened in 1818 as the Coburg, and was renamed the Royal Victoria in 1833, soon familiarized to the Old Vic.
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 and Sadler's Wells theaters.

The company's principal ballerina was Dame Alicia MarkovaMarkova, Dame Alicia
, 1910–2004, English ballerina. Her original name was Lilian Alicia Marks. Markova joined Diaghilev's Ballets Russes in 1924 and, in 1931, the Vic-Wells Ballet (now the Royal Ballet), becoming its first prima ballerina in 1933.
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; when she left in 1935, Margot FonteynFonteyn, Dame Margot
, 1919–91, English ballerina. Fonteyn was for many years prima ballerina assoluta of the Royal Ballet. Her original name was Margaret Hookham.
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, who had made her debut that year at age 15, was trained to become prima ballerina, a rank she held until she became guest artist with the company in 1959. Many other celebrated dancers developed with the Royal Ballet, as well as such choreographers as Sir Frederick AshtonAshton, Sir Frederick,
1904–88, British choreographer and dancer, b. Guayaquil, Ecuador. He grew up in Peru and was drawn to dance after seeing (1917) a performance by Anna Pavlova there.
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, Antony TudorTudor, Antony,
1909–87, English choreographer and dancer. Tudor went to the United States at the invitation of the Ballet Theatre, New York City (1939); he danced leading roles and created ballets for several English and American companies and was later the artistic
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, Kenneth MacMillan, John Cranko, and Wayne McGregor.

The company toured during World War II, then settled in the Royal Opera House in 1946. De Valois directed the group for more than 35 years, retiring in 1963. She was succeeded by Ashton in 1964 and MacMillan in 1970. In 1986, Sir Anthony Dowell became the company's director. He was succeeded by Ross Stretton, the former director of the Australian Ballet and the first non-Briton in the post (2001–2), who in turn was succeeded by Monica Mason (2002–12), who began as a dancer in the company in 1958 and later served in many capacities. Kevin O'Hare, who joined the company as a dancer in 1984, became company director in 2012.

The Sadler's Wells Theatre Ballet (after 1956, the Touring Company of the Royal Ballet) was founded in 1946 by de Valois after the Sadler's Wells Ballet moved to the Royal Opera House. Based at Sadler's Wells Theatre (1946–55, 1970–90) and the Royal Opera House (1955–70), it traveled widely abroad after 1949. Renamed the Sadler's Wells Royal Ballet in 1977, it moved to Birmingham as the Birmingham Royal Ballet in 1990 and became independent of the Royal Opera House in 1997.

Bibliography

See study by A. Bland (1981).

References in classic literature ?
All circumstances which, two centuries later, "seemed so ridiculous to the court," as Sauval says, "that they served as a pastime to the king, and as an introduction to the royal ballet of Night, divided into four parts and danced on the theatre of the Petit-Bourbon." "Never," adds an eye witness of 1653, "have the sudden metamorphoses of the Court of Miracles been more happily presented.
Birmingham Royal Ballet's exquisite and heartwrenching staging of Giselle opens at Birmingham Hippodrome on Wednesday, September 25.
Birmingham Royal Ballet's exquisite and heart-wrenching staging of Giselle opens at Birmingham Hippodrome on Wednesday, September 25.
The Royal Ballet of Cambodia will showcase its latest grand production Neang Watthana Devi for the first time in Cambodia in January, following performances in Switzerland and the UAE.
BIRMINGHAM Royal Ballet has launched an international hunt for a new director.
The acclaimed Royal Ballet will give a special one-night-only performance in Cairns next month as part of the QPAC International Series, bringing the worlds best performers to regional Queensland.
This year Dancecyprus has outdone itself by attracting outstanding performers from Covent Garden's Royal Ballet and the Royal Ballet of Flanders, Belgium for its tenth anniversary gala.
The 12-year-old has landed a place at The Royal Ballet School in London and will spend Christmas on stage in a production of The Nutcracker by the Royal Ballet.
Birmingham Royal Ballet is celebrating its 25th anniversary.
Serena McCall beat thousands of dancers from across the world to a coveted spot at The Royal Ballet School's prestigious White Lodge in London.
? A ONE-off performance of Birmingham Royal Ballet and its acclaimed orchestra The Royal Ballet Sinfonia will take place at Symphony Hall.

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