Patronage

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patronage

1. in politics
a. the practice of making appointments to office, granting contracts, etc.
b. the favours so distributed
2. Christianity the right to present a clergyman to a benefice

Patronage

 

in ancient Italy, a form of protection that in practice established the dependence of poor citizens and citizens with less than full rights upon wealthy citizens.

In the period of the disintegration of the clan system, members of impoverished clans, as well as some plebeians, placed themselves under the patronage of influential fellow citizens. In the period of the late Roman Empire, petty landowners or even whole villages, communities, and towns placed themselves under the patronage of various senators. By transferring their land to a patron and receiving it back in the form of a precarium (property held at the will of the grantor), petty landowners attempted to avoid burdensome taxation and protect themselves from oppression by officials, judges, and usurers. The patronage system is discussed by F. Engels in The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 21, page 149).


Patronage

 

(release on surety), in Soviet criminal law, one of the forms by which a person is freed from criminal responsibility when his actions did not have serious consequences and he does not present a great social danger. Upon petition of an organization or workers’ collective, the offender is turned over to that organization or collective for reeducation and correction by decision of a court or procurator or by decision of an investigator or agency of inquiry with the consent of a procurator. Release on surety is not possible for recidivists and persons who have been released on surety earlier. If a person so released does not justify the trust of the collective in the course of one year, the collective’s decision to terminate its patronage is sent to the court or procurator and the question of criminal responsibility is then reviewed (art. 9 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the RSFSR).

Patronage

See also Philanthropy.
Alidoro
fairy godfather to Italian Cinderella. [Ital. Opera: Rossini, Cinderella, Westerman, 120–121]
Alphonso, Don
supports Bias in return for political favors. [Fr. Lit.: Gil Blas]
Dionysus
inspired men through wine; considered a patron of the arts. [Gk. Myth.: NCE, 767]
Fairy Godmother
maternal fairy abets Cinderella in ball preparations. [Fr. Fairy Tale: “Cinderella”]
References in periodicals archive ?
On the occasion, Muna Bin Kalli, Executive Director of Dubai Ladies Club said, "We are delighted to welcome Mohammed Saeed Harib as a guest speaker of this interactive platform, which was held under the royal patronage of Shaikha Manal Bint Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum.
The first of these chapters starts with a section on "The Planet as Bait for a King" and details the negotiations and manoeuvres to obtain royal patronage that followed in the wake of the discovery of Uranus, the successful outcome of which transformed William's and Caroline's lives.
Now renamed the Entertainment Artistes' Benevolent Fund, it has enjoyed royal patronage ever since.
St James' Palace said in a statement: "Many of the charities are little known, without existing royal patronage, and undertake excellent work within specific communities.
PRINCE Charles joked about "suicidal sheep" as he bestowed royal patronage on the new London Welsh Lamb Club.
He added that 'at this national glorious day which witness the annual convening of the Council of Oman under the royal patronage of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said in Salalah city, pray to Allah the Almighty to safeguard His Majesty the Sultan as a leader for this nation, grant him a long life and shower him with blessings and good health.
Under the Royal Patronage the 28th General Arab Insurance Conference (GAIC) concluded its sessions at King Hussein Bin Talal Convention Center on the shores of the Dead Sea.
The inaugural Bahrain International Airshow, which opened on Thursday, is being held under Royal patronage and organised by Civil Aviation Affairs for the Kingdom of Bahrain.
The idea of the original home started under the Royal patronage of Queen Mary, and the Charity is very proud to have her granddaughter, Her Majesty The Queen, as Patron, and HRH Princess Alexandra as President.
Eoe1/4EoThis is a result of the support received from His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Said and his royal patronage for youth,Eoe1/4A[yen] he added.
Despite the humiliation of clan Gordon, their prestige was later resurrected through royal patronage, but it didn't last.
The great thinkers of the eighteenth century--Voltaire, Rousseau, Diderot, Smith--all benefited from aristocratic or royal patronage, even as they espoused independence of thought.