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a city under oblast jurisdiction and administrative center of Rtishchevo Raion, Saratov Oblast, RSFSR. Junction of the Moscow-Saratov and Penza-Kharkov railroad lines. The city has railroad transport enterprises, a meat-packing plant, a butter factory, clothing and absorbent cotton factories, and a construction-materials combine, as well as a railroad transport technicum and a people’s theater. Rtishchevo arose in the 1870’s and became a city in 1920.