Rubai


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Rubai

 

(quatrain), a form of lyric poetry in the Middle East. It was adapted from the widespread oral folk poetry of the Persians and Tadzhiks, in which it is termed dubaiti or tarane. In written literature, the rubai, contrasting with the syllabic meter of folk poetry, is in the meter of aruz (an Arabic system of versification); it appeared in this form in the ninth and tenth centuries in the works of such poets as Rudaki. From that time, the rubai was invariably used for lyric poetry in which philosophic reflections predominated.

The rubai found its way from Persian literature into Arabic, Urdu, and many Turkic literatures. It reached its apogee as a genre in the mid-11th century but began yielding to the ghazal in the second half of the 12th century. The rubai consists of four hemistiches or two bayts, with a rhyme scheme of aaba and occasionally aaaa.

References in periodicals archive ?
Partly in order to counter and discredit the YSP, the Sana'a government has encouraged the popularity of Salim Rubai Ali, now presented as the victim of some communist plot, into which the British are also inevitably woven.
Artist Saber Al Rubai expressed his happiness to participate in the Sharjah World Music Festival.
Rubai is the Farsi word for quatrain (a four-line stanza of poetry).
As for the anti-dumping cases against China before the WTO, the EU has been calling on Beijing to address these issues as soon as possible, but according to Mao Rubai, chairman of the Committee on Environment and Resources of the 10th National People's Congress, China is not acting unfairly in any way.
Todel galima kalbeti apie kulturos erdves, kurios tarsi skirtingi rubai teikia vis kitokius pavidalus egzistencinei kurybai.
Vienuose kadruose zmones susikaupe maldai, atlieka apeigas, kitur--regimi ritualams naudojami irankiai: kryziai, smilkykles, ritualiniai rubai.
The tarana is a brief choral song in the form of a rubai [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
From Rubai to Canterbury--Views on Chinese translation of English verse.
Saudi and Iraqi security services have increased their cooperation over the last year, and Iraq's then-National Security Adviser Muwaffaq Al Rubai said in a March 2008 press interview that, "we believe now that Saudi-Iraqi coordination is at its best and its highest levels.
As the story jumps ahead to the grown Mei (Lai) now married to his second wife, Fu Zhifang (Chen Hong), Sun's perf as his manager-cum-confidant, Qiu Rubai (another script invention, standing in for the real Qi Rushan), provides the sole connecting thread.
Rubai did not elaborate details about any timeline for the detainees handover, but he said "Saudi Arabia had handed over Iraq eight of the convicted in Saudi jails".
O rubai nao e um pure de pimentas mas uma quadra apta a exprimir experiencias misticas.