Also found in: Wikipedia.



(Abu Abdillah Jafar ebn Muhammad). Born circa 860 in the village of Rudak, now in the Tadzhik SSR; died there 941. Tadzhik and Persian poet, regarded as the founder of poetry in Farsi.

Rudaki won early renown as a singer, musician, and rhapsodist and probably as an author as well. According to tradition, he was blind from birth, but he nevertheless received a good scholastic education and knew Arabic. For more than 40 years he headed a galaxy of poets at the court of the Samanid rulers of Bukhara, attaining great glory and wealth. Not long before his death, however, he was exiled and died in poverty.

According to tradition, Rudaki wrote more than 130,000 couplets; another tradition, setting the figure at 1,300,000 couplets, seems far-fetched. Of his output, fewer than 1,000 couplets are extant. The qasida The Mother of Wine (933), the autobiographical Ode to Old Age, and about 40 quatrains (rubaiyat) have been preserved in their entirety. Also extant are fragments of panegyric, lyric, and didactic works, fragments from the narrative poem Kalila and Dimna (translated from Arabic, 932), and five other narrative poems.

Panegyric and anacreontic themes in Rudaki’s poetry are combined with faith in human reason and a summons to learning, virtue, and active participation in life. The laconicism, simplicity, and lucid imagery in the poetry of Rudaki and his contemporaries are typical of the classical (Khorasan, or Turkestan) style of Persian literature that they established, which survived until the late 11th century. A mausoleum has been erected on what is believed to be the site of Rudaki’s grave in his native village.


In Russian translation:
Stikhi. Moscow, 1964.
Lirika. Moscow, 1969.


Bertel’s, E. E. Istoriiapersidsko-tadzhikskoi literatury. Moscow, 1960.
Mirzoev, A. M. Rudaki: Zhizn’ i tvorchestvo. Moscow, 1968. (Translated from Tadzhik.)
Tagirdzhanov, A. T. Rudaki: Zhizn’ i tvorchestvo; istoriia izucheniia. Leningrad, 1968.
Nafisi, S. Ahval va ash’ar-e Abu Abdallah Jafar ebn-e Mohammad-e Rudaki Samarqandi, vols. 1–3. Tehran, A. H. 1310–19 (A.D. 1931–40).
Tal’man, R. O., and A. Iunusova. Rudaki: Ukazatel’ literatury. Dushanbe, 1965.


References in periodicals archive ?
An hour after the information appeared on social networks, the police of the capital on this fact detained Zarobiddin Davlatov, a 27-year-old resident of the Rudaki district, the Tajik Ministry of Internal Affairs in Dushanbe reports.
power supply of the quarter of individual residential development in the village of rudaki (27 plots) 1 object (s), 54 859.
The lines connect the capital with Rogun through the territory of Faizabad, Vahdat, Rudaki and Varzob.
The major pre-Firdawsi poets, such as Rudaki and Daqiqi.
(4) Research Institute of Horticulture and Vegetables, Tajik Academy of Agriculture Sciences, 21 Rudaki Street, Dushanbe, 734025, Tajikistan; E-mail:
The governmental complex, meanwhile, will reportedly be constructed on Rudaki Avenue, where Rohat Teahouse is located.
However, in July 2009, he announced his resignation after the Music Office decided, under pressure from the Ministry of Culture, to hand over management of the orchestra to the Rudaki Foundation.
Rudaki: The National Bank of Tajikistan organized the workshop on for experts of Financial Monitoring Department of the NBT, legal authorities, General Prosecutor Office and other law enforcement authorities of the country.
President Emomali Rahmon held a working visit to Rudaki and Yovon districts on May 15 to see the process of construction of the Vahdat-Yovon section of railroad Dushanbe-Kurgantube.
But the prominent enlighteners Firdovsi, Rudaki, Avisenna, Nizami, Sadi, Hafiz and others proved that the age of Novruz is older.
(2) Faculty member of the Tajik Academy of Sciences, Institute of Language and East Literature Survey and literary heritage of Rudaki.
unparalleled names of Ferdowsi, Rumi, Rhazes, Rudaki, Biruni, Al-Farabi,