Rudnev, Mikhail Matveevich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rudnev, Mikhail Matveevich


Born Oct. 31 (Nov. 12), 1837, in Tula; died Dec. 10 (22), 1878, in Moscow. Russian pathological anatomist.

In 1860, Rudnev graduated from the St. Petersburg Medical and Surgical Academy. He worked with R. Virchow and others outside of Russia. In 1867 he became a professor and held the chair of pathological anatomy at the St. Petersburg Medical and Surgical Academy. Rudnev also taught pathological anatomy at the Veterinary Institute from 1869 and at the Higher Women’s Courses from 1872. In 1866 he introduced the practical study of pathological histology in Russia.

Rudnev published the Zhurnal dlia normal’noi i patologicheskoi gistologii, farmakologii i klinicheskoi meditsiny from 1870 to 1878. His principal works dealt with tuberculosis, trichinosis, amyloidosis, tumors, and experimental pathology. He wrote an original manual on pathological anatomy. Rudnev was vice-president of the Society of Russian Physicians from 1870 to 1872. He founded a school of pathological anatomy, whose adherents included V. A. Afanas’ev, K. N. Vinogradov, N. P. Ivanovskii, and V. P. Krylov.


O trikhinakhv Rossii. St. Petersburg, 1866.
Zapiskipatologicheskoi anatomii i gistologii. St. Petersburg, 1875.


Gol’shtein, N. I. Kratkaia istoriia Kafedry patologicheskoi anatomii Voenno-meditsinskoi akad. im. S. M. Kirova. Leningrad, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.