Rudolf Breitscheid

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Breitscheid, Rudolf


Born Nov. 2. 1874; died Aug. 24, 1944. One of the leaders of German social democracy.

Breitscheid was minister of the interior in Prussia in late 1918 and early 1919. In the early 1930’s he headed the Social Democratic faction in the Reichstag and spoke out against unifying with the Communists. After the establishment of the fascist dictatorship (1933), he was an émigré in France. Reexamining much in his own views, Breitscheid became a partisan of the creation of a united workers’ front in Germany. In 1941 the Pétain government turned him over to fascist Germany, and in 1944 the Hitlerites killed him in the Buchenwald concentration camp.


Erkämpft das Menschenrecht: Lebensbilder und letzte Briefe antifaschistischer Widerstandskämpfer. Berlin, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"That December the SS officer demanded totally illegally that two German political refugees, Rudolf Hilferding and Rudolf Breitscheid, be handed over to the Nazis," despite the fact that they both had visas which would have allowed them to escape to the United States, said Joly.