Rudolf Hess

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Related to Rudolf Hess: Heinrich Himmler, Albert Speer, Adolf Eichmann

Hess, Rudolf,

1894–1987, German National Socialist leader, b. Alexandria, Egypt; son of a German merchant. In 1920 he became an ardent follower of Adolf Hitler and after the Munich "beer-hall putsch" (1923) shared Hitler's imprisonment. Hitler dictated Mein Kampf to him. In 1933 he became deputy Führer and minister without portfolio. In 1939, Hitler named him second in line of succession after Hermann GoeringGoering or Göring, Hermann Wilhelm
, 1893–1946, German National Socialist leader. In World War I he was a hero of the German air force.
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. Hess created a worldwide sensation when he stole an airplane and flew (May, 1941) from Augsburg to Scotland (where he was arrested), apparently in an attempt to negotiate a peace agreement with Great Britain. At the Nuremberg war-crimes trial he was sentenced (1946) to life imprisonment at Spandau prison. Hess's behavior both before and during his trial raised questions as to his sanity. At the time of his death, he was Spandau's last remaining prisoner.


See J. Douglas-Hamilton, Motive for a Mission (1971); W. Schwarzwaller, Rudolf Hess: The Last Nazi (1988).

Hess, Rudolf


Born Apr. 26, 1894, in Alexandria, Egypt. One of the principal war criminals of fascist Germany.

Hess became a member of the National Socialist Party in 1920. In 1925 he became Hitler’s personal secretary, and in April 1933 his acting deputy in the party. Hess was one of the principal organizers of terror against antifascist forces and of Germany’s preparation and unleashing of World War II. In May 1941 he traveled by airplane to Great Britain and in Hitler’s name proposed that that country conclude a peace with Germany and participate in the attack on the USSR. He was interned as a prisoner of war in Great Britain. At the Nuremberg trial of 1945-46 he was condemned to life imprisonment, which he has been serving since 1946 in the Spandau Prison in West Berlin.


Niurnbergskii protsess nad glavnymi nemetskimi prestupnikami: Sb. mat-lov, vols. 1-7. Moscow, 1957-61.
Trukhanovskii, V. G. Vneshniaia politika Anglii v period vtoroi mirovoi voiny. Moscow, 1965. Pages 190-98.
References in periodicals archive ?
The remains of Nazi leader Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess have been exhumed from a grave in Bavaria after it become a pilgrimage site for thousands of far-right extremists.
Hess - Adolf Hitler's deputy - wanted to make a peace deal with Britain to allow Germany to concentrate on defeating Russia, according to author Desmond Zwar's book, Talking to Rudolf Hess.
The epilogue, not surprisingly, is about the closing and "burial" of Spandau prison in 1987 after the death of its last inmate, Rudolf Hess.
Whitney Harris, a military lawyer at the Nuremberg trials, talks about his interview with Nazi officer Rudolf Hess.
The website contains excerpts from Dreyfuss' recollections of the defendants, including Hermann Goering, Rudolf Hess and Albert Speer, near whom he sat during most of the 11-month-long trial.
HOLIDAYMAKERS looking for a great escape could soon be heading to a former PoW camp that once held Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess.
In 1941, Adolf Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess, parachuted into Scotland on what he claimed was a peace mission.
1941: Rudolf Hess, Adolf Hitler's deputy, parachuted into Scotland in an effort to negotiate a peace settlement, but was arrested and imprisoned for the remainder of the war.
London, Sept 7 ( ANI ): Adolf Hitler's Nazi deputy Rudolf Hess was "murdered by British agents" to stop him spilling wartime secrets, it has been revealed.
The security company, named HESS security, shares a name with Rudolf Hess, who was Adolf Hitler's deputy in the Nazi Party during its reign over Germany.
Local historian Dewi Bowen believes the owner of Nimrod the dog - a regular at Penydarren Park, Merthyr Tydfil - was none other than Nazi war criminal Rudolf Hess.