Rudolf Hess

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Related to Rudolf Hess: Heinrich Himmler, Albert Speer, Adolf Eichmann

Hess, Rudolf,

1894–1987, German National Socialist leader, b. Alexandria, Egypt; son of a German merchant. In 1920 he became an ardent follower of Adolf Hitler and after the Munich "beer-hall putsch" (1923) shared Hitler's imprisonment. Hitler dictated Mein Kampf to him. In 1933 he became deputy Führer and minister without portfolio. In 1939, Hitler named him second in line of succession after Hermann GoeringGoering or Göring, Hermann Wilhelm
, 1893–1946, German National Socialist leader. In World War I he was a hero of the German air force.
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. Hess created a worldwide sensation when he stole an airplane and flew (May, 1941) from Augsburg to Scotland (where he was arrested), apparently in an attempt to negotiate a peace agreement with Great Britain. At the Nuremberg war-crimes trial he was sentenced (1946) to life imprisonment at Spandau prison. Hess's behavior both before and during his trial raised questions as to his sanity. At the time of his death, he was Spandau's last remaining prisoner.


See J. Douglas-Hamilton, Motive for a Mission (1971); W. Schwarzwaller, Rudolf Hess: The Last Nazi (1988).

Hess, Rudolf


Born Apr. 26, 1894, in Alexandria, Egypt. One of the principal war criminals of fascist Germany.

Hess became a member of the National Socialist Party in 1920. In 1925 he became Hitler’s personal secretary, and in April 1933 his acting deputy in the party. Hess was one of the principal organizers of terror against antifascist forces and of Germany’s preparation and unleashing of World War II. In May 1941 he traveled by airplane to Great Britain and in Hitler’s name proposed that that country conclude a peace with Germany and participate in the attack on the USSR. He was interned as a prisoner of war in Great Britain. At the Nuremberg trial of 1945-46 he was condemned to life imprisonment, which he has been serving since 1946 in the Spandau Prison in West Berlin.


Niurnbergskii protsess nad glavnymi nemetskimi prestupnikami: Sb. mat-lov, vols. 1-7. Moscow, 1957-61.
Trukhanovskii, V. G. Vneshniaia politika Anglii v period vtoroi mirovoi voiny. Moscow, 1965. Pages 190-98.
References in periodicals archive ?
Occultist Cecil Williamson, his friend Aleister Crowley (right) and Nazi top brass who were obsessed with the dark arts included (above from left) Rudolf Hess, Heinrich Himmler and Adolf Hitler
The remains of Nazi leader Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess have been exhumed from a grave in Bavaria after it become a pilgrimage site for thousands of far-right extremists.
The epilogue, not surprisingly, is about the closing and "burial" of Spandau prison in 1987 after the death of its last inmate, Rudolf Hess.
Papers declassified at the National Archives reveal British and American authorities opposed the harsh Soviet prison regime forced on Nazi deputy Rudolf Hess.
According to the report, Eberle notes in his book that Hitler rarely set eyes on any of the letters himself but relied primarily on Rudolf Hess, his deputy, to read and reply to them.
There is a particularly chilling account from an unemotional Rudolf Hess who mechanically speaks of murdering three million people.
In May 1941, Hitler's Deputy, Rudolf Hess, flew an aeroplane to Britain and crash-landed in Scotland.
1987: Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess commits suicide in his Berlin prison.
Schmidt highlights additional cross-border linkages among neofascists, who undertake annual pilgrimages to honor the likes of General Francisco Franco and Rudolf Hess.
Whitney Harris, a military lawyer at the Nuremberg trials, talks about his interview with Nazi officer Rudolf Hess.
NINE people were detained in Berlin on Saturday in connection with a far-right march commemorating the 30th anniversary of the death of high-ranking Nazi official Rudolf Hess.