Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mössbauer, Rudolf Ludwig


Born Jan. 31, 1929, in Munich. German physicist (Federal Republic of Germany).

In 1955, Mössbauer graduated from the Technische Hochschule in Munich. From 1955 to 1957 he was a research assistant at the Max Planck Institute in Heidelberg, and from 1957 to 1959 he was back at the Technische Hochschule, receiving his doctorate in 1958. In 1960 he was appointed senior research fellow at the California Institute of Technology, becoming a professor in 1961. In 1964 he was appointed a professor at the Technische Hochschule in Munich. His main works are in nuclear physics and solid-state physics. In 1958, Mössbauer discovered the phenomenon of resonance absorption of gamma quanta by the atomic nuclei of a solid without an accompanying change in the internal energy of the body (the Mössbauer effect). He was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1961.


“Kernresonanzfluoreszenz von Gammastrahlung in Ir191.” Zeitschrift für Physik, 1958, vol. 151, fasc. 2, pp. 124–43.
“Kernresonanzabsorption von γ-Strahlung in Ir191.” Zeitschrift für Naturforschung, 1959, vol. 14 a, pp. 211–16.
In Russian translation:
“Rezonanshoe iadernoe pogloshchenie γ-kvantov v tverdykh telakh bez otdachi.” Uspekhifizicheskikh nauk, 1960, vol. 72, issue 4, pp. 658–71.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.