Rudolf von Laban


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Laban, Rudolf von

(fôn läb`än), 1879–1958, Slovakian dancer, choreographer, and dance theorist. After studying in Paris and performing in N Africa, Germany, and Austria, he founded (1910) a dance school in Munich; Mary WigmanWigman, Mary,
1886–1973, German dancer, choreographer, and teacher. After studying with Rudolf von Laban, Wigman performed in Germany and opened her own school in Dresden (1920). She became the most influential German exponent of expressive movement and toured extensively.
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 was one of his early students. He founded schools bearing his name all over Europe during the 1920s. In 1930 he was appointed director of the Allied State Theaters in Berlin, but was forced to leave after the Nazis came to power. In 1938, he emigrated to England, where he established (1946) the Art of Movement Studio in Manchester. There, he worked until his death on his system of notation, known as Kinetographic Laban or Labanotation, which evolved from a system of dance notation to a method of recording all body movement. It is so accurate that the system is now used to copyright dance scripts and to analyze movements in sports and industry. His work has been continued at the Dance Notation Bureau, in New York City. His writings include The Mastery of Movement on the Stage (1950), Principles of Dance and Movement Notation (1956), Effort: Economy in Body Movement (with F. C. Lawrence, 1974); A Life For Dance (1975).
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The mountaintop retreat--nominally founded by the anarchist Mikhail Bakunin (at a time when it was still known as Monescia) in the 1870s--flourished between 1900 and 1940, when it attracted anarchists, nudists, and Theosophists alongside such figures as Martin Buber, Hugo Ball, Tristan Tzara, Rudolf von Laban, Isadora Duncan, Hermann Hesse (who famously had his alcoholism treated there), and the sexual revolutionary Otto Gross.
She developed her teacher Rudolf von Laban's idea of the active scale--the walk, the run, the rush, the leap; and the passive scale--the walk, the gliding, the floating, the sinking, and, yes, the fall.
Denis would be establishing the Denishawn School with the now-18-year-old Ted Shawn, or that in 14 years' time the now 13-year-old Mary Wigman would make her debut recital after study with Emile Jaques-Dalcroze and Rudolf von Laban?
Building upon the legacy of Wigman, Rudolf von Laban, Kurt Jooss, and Gret Palucca, who, pre-World War II, forged an independent spirit outside the opera ballet tradition, Scheper and Hertling launched the Pantomime Musik Tanz Theater Festival, an international event held annually from 1973 to 1995.
Now, the German-born Holm was a student of Wigman, who in turn was the student and assistant of Rudolf von Laban (creator of Labanotation and the teacher of Kurt Jooss and his Essen School), and had earlier studied with Emile Jaques-Dalcroze This particular phase of American dance history from Holm onwards has been best documented by Walter Sorelk As for Murray Louis, he was the pupil of both Holm and Nikolais, as well as being Nikolais's artistic protege This is why both Nikolais and Louis have always taught and choreographed with a slight yet telling difference from the majority of their colleagues.