Rudyard Kipling


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Kipling, Rudyard,

1865–1936, English author, b. Bombay (now Mumbai), India. Educated in England, Kipling returned to India in 1882 and worked as an editor on a Lahore paper. His early poems were collected in Departmental Ditties (1886), Barrack-Room Ballads (1892), and other volumes. His first short stories of Anglo-Indian life appeared in Plain Tales from the Hills (1888) and Soldiers Three (1888). In 1889 he returned to London, where his novel The Light That Failed (1890) appeared. Kipling's masterful stories and poems interpreted India in all its heat, strife, and ennui. His romantic imperialism and his characterization of the true Englishman as brave, conscientious, and self-reliant did much to enhance his popularity. These views are reflected in such well-known poems as "The White Man's Burden," "Loot," "Mandalay," "Gunga Din," and Recessional (1897).

In London in 1892, he married Caroline Balestier, an American, and lived in Vermont for four years. There he wrote children's stories, The Jungle Book (1894) and Second Jungle Book (1895), Kim (1901), Just So Stories (1902), and Captains Courageous (1897). Returning to England in 1900, he lived in Sussex, the setting of Puck of Pook's Hill (1906). Other works include Stalky and Co. (1899) and his famous poem "If" (1910). England's first Nobel Prize winner in literature (1907), he is buried in Westminster Abbey.

Bibliography

See his Something of Myself (1937); biographies by J. I. M. Stewart (1966), J. Harrison (1982), H. Ricketts (2000), and D. Gilmour (2002); studies by J. M. S. Tompkins (2d ed. 1965), V. A. Shashane (1973), R. F. Moss (1982), P. Mallett, ed. (1989), and W. B. Dillingham (2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1889, Rudyard Kipling returned to London, the cultural and intellectual center of the former British Empire.
She has been interviewed on television and radio programmes for the BBC, most recently to tell the world about Trix, Rudyard Kipling's sister.
Wallace's sumptuous edition of the Just So Stories introduces a new generation to the magic of Rudyard Kipling's classic.
Brown's Hotel - Mayfair: This five star hotel is where Rudyard Kipling wrote The Jungle Book and has been voted best for afternoon tea.
Though the works of British novelist Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) have been widely and thoroughly dissected, says Walsh (English and American literature, U.
What type of creature was Rudyard Kipling's character Rikki-tikki-tavi?
Haig (featured in "Four Weddings and a Funeral") plays Rudyard Kipling, a hugely celebrated writer in 1914, when he was sounding the drumbeat for war against Germany and urging that "every fit young man must come forward to enlist." That includes his 17-year-old son Jack (Radcliffe), for whom Kipling pulls strings to get into the army, after the spectacle-wearing lad is unable to pass an eye exam.
"As Rudyard Kipling said, if you can treat those two impostors triumph and disaster just the same, then you'll be a man."
Never has this accolade been so deserved as in Kipling Sahib, his account of Rudyard Kipling's life in India.
Is it a) Rudyard Kipling, b) Enid Blyton, or c) Roald Dahl?
Powell will be joined by actress Joanna David to take the audience into the worlds of Charles Dickens, Rudyard Kipling and Thomas Hardy as well as introducing them to the homely delights of Mrs Beeton and Mrs Gaskell.
If: A Father's Advice to His Son, A Poem By Rudyard Kipling Photographs by Charles R.