Rügen

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Rügen

(rü`gən), island (1994 est. pop. 85,000), 358 sq mi (927 sq km), Mecklenburg–West Pomerania, NE Germany, in the Baltic Sea, separated from the mainland by the Strelasund. The chief towns are Bergen and Sassnitz, the largest port and the terminus of a train ferry to Trelleborg, Sweden. The island is also connected by a 1.5-mile road and rail bridge to the German mainland. Agriculture and herring fishing are the main occupations on Rügen. There are many popular seaside resorts; tourism has become a popular industry. The famous chalk cliffs rise on the eastern shore. Rügen was conquered by Denmark in 1168, passed to Pomerania in 1325, and shared the history of Swedish Pomerania from 1648 to 1815, when the island was taken by Prussia. It is the largest island of Germany.

Rügen

 

an island in the Baltic Sea, in the northern part of the German Democratic Republic. Area, 926 sq km. Population, including that of the small adjacent islands, 86,200 (1971).

The shores are low and very irregular, with many spits, barrier beaches, and dunes. The relief is a rolling plain with ridges of terminal moraines overlying limestones. The highest elevation is 161 m. Most of the land is under cultivation, primarily with rye, oats, potatoes, and sugar beets. There are large beech forests in the eastern and central parts of the island. Dairy farming, fishing for herring, and eeling are common. The chief port is Sassnitz; chalk is quarried nearby. Seaside resorts include Binz and Sellin. Rügen is linked with the mainland by a railroad and highway by way of a 2.5-km-long dam and a bridge. There is a ferry between Sassnitz and Trelleborg, Sweden.

REFERENCE

Oehler, H. Mit offenen Augen durchs Rügenland. Schwerin [1971].
References in periodicals archive ?
Braided necklaces, pearls, brooches, a Thor's hammer, rings and up to 600 chipped coins were found on Germany's northern Ruegen island (AFP Photo/Stefan Sauer / MANILA BULLETIN)
Key words: island populations, vegetation history, Denmark, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Ruegen
Baltic 2 will be located in the Baltic Sea, some 32 km north of the Ruegen island.
The Eclipse, currently being built under a cloud of secrecy off the German Baltic island of Ruegen, is 550 ft long, some 200 ft longer than the Pelorus.
The summer Stoertebeker Festival has been selling out shows on Germany's picturesque island of Ruegen for the past 14 years.
At the moment, we are considering a church-planting project in a housing area on the island of Ruegen. This is an urban priority area, where almost 100% of the people are completely unchurched.
Next is St Petersburg, then the elegant medieval city of Gydnia in Poland, Sassnitz on the German island of Ruegen, Copenhagen and finally Oslo.
Charles Milne, the chief veterinary officer for Scotland, said tests on the swan showed the infection was like that found in birds on Ruegen Island in Germany.
Meanwhile, as Sweden joined the list of European countries confirming H5N1 infection in wild birds, German authorities announced the detection of the virus in a dead domestic cat from the island of Ruegen, where the infection has already been confirmed in wild birds.
The Friedrich-Loeffler Institute confirmed the presence of the virus in the marten, a weasel-like animal with a white throat patch, found on the island of Ruegen in north Germany.
The latest development in the avian influenza epidemic is the detection of a cat with the deadly H5N1 strain of the virus on the German island of Ruegen. The infection "probably occurred due to its exposure to infected wild birds", the EU's Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health said on March 1.
The cat was found over the weekend on the Island of Ruegen, where more than 100 wild birds have tested positive for H5N1, said Thomas Mettenleiter, head of Germany's Friedrich Loeffler Institute.