Ruggiero Leoncavallo


Also found in: Dictionary.

Leoncavallo, Ruggiero

(ro͞od-jā`rō lā'ōnkäväl`lō), 1857–1919, Italian composer. The opera Pagliacci (1892), his one outstanding success, is a classic example of Italian verismo, or realism. Of his numerous other operas, only Zazà (1900) had moderate success.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Leoncavallo, Ruggiero

 

Born Apr. 25, 1857 (according to recent corrected data), in Naples; died Aug. 9, 1919, in Montecatini. Italian composer.

Leoncavallo studied at the Naples Conservatory with L. Rossi (composition) and B. Cesi (piano) and graduated from the University of Bologna (department of literature) in 1878.

Leoncavallo was one of the founders of the verismo school in opera. He wrote approximately 20 operas, of which the most popular was I Pagliacci (1892, libretto by Leoncavallo, presented at the Teatro dal Verme in Milan). I Pagliacci, like Mascagni’s Cavalleria Rusticana, is a vivid example of verismo opera with its true-to-life subject, intensely developed dramatic conflict, striking stage situations, melodramatic effects, and emphatically expressive musical language. His operas La Bohème (1897; presented in Russia as Life in the Latin Quarter) and Zazà (1900) were also highly successful.

Leoncavallo also wrote works in other genres—for example, the operetta Queen of the Roses (1912), the ballet Life of a Marionette, art songs, and piano pieces.

REFERENCES

Toradze, G. R. Leonkavallo i ego opera “Paiatsy.” Moscow, 1960.
Colombani, A. L’Opera italiana nel secolo XIX. Milan, 1900.
Klein, J. W. “R. Leoncavallo.” Opera, London, March-April 1958.

T. G. KELDYSH

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
WHAT: Eugene Opera explores the world of a group of traveling actors in Ruggiero Leoncavallo's "Pagliacci" (sung in Italian with English supertitles); directed by Ellen Schlaefer, conducted by Robert Ashens
To the colony in the Monte Verit[acute{a}] park, centred around the distinctive wooden flat-roofed Casa Anatta (now a museum to the movement and open in summer) flocked a few anarchists and thousands of free thinkers, including the Swiss psychologist Carl Jung, the Italian composer Ruggiero Leoncavallo, the American dancer Isadora Duncan and even Lenin.
Symphony Pro Musica will present a concert featuring a semi-staged production of Ruggiero Leoncavallo's popular tragic opera "I Pagliacci" ("The Clowns") in Hudson and Westboro this weekend.
Eugene Opera music director and conductor Robert Ashens will give a lecture-demonstration about Ruggiero Leoncavallo's tragicomedy "Pagliacci" in a free SHOcase concert at 12:15 p.m.
Their first opera was a fully staged Die Hochzeit des Figaro in 1933; the last, Ruggiero Leoncavallo's Der Bajazzo, was performed in late 1940, in concert version.
EUGENE OPERA - Ruggiero Leoncavallo's tragicomedy, "Pagliacci" (Nov.