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religious order in the Roman Catholic Church. The name derives from the Rule of St. Augustine (5th cent.?), which established rules for monastic observance and common religious life. The canons regular, made up of ordained clergy, adopted this rule in the 11th cent. and became known as Augustinian, or Austin, canons. Augustinian canons pursue a life of poverty, celibacy, and obedience without withdrawing from the world. Subsequent orders of canons regular, such as the Premonstratensians, are outgrowths of the Augustinians. The Austin friars are an entirely different group of religious, dating from the 13th cent. (see friarfriar
[Lat. frater=brother], member of certain Roman Catholic religious orders, notably, the Dominicans, Franciscans, Carmelites, and Augustinians. Although a general form of address in the New Testament, since the 13th cent.
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). Officially known as Hermits of St. Augustine, they now exist in three independent branches—the Calced Augustinian Hermits, the more austere and less numerous Discalced Augustinian Hermits, and the Recollects of St. Augustine. There are also congregations of women corresponding to both canons and friars.
References in periodicals archive ?
St Dominic provided the first of these and it was to be observed in conjunction with the Rule of St Augustine. (1) The assigning of the Augustinian Rule was unusual for a women's enclosed monastic order at that time, and was a choice that aligned the Sisters' vocation with that of the Friars.
Likewise, the Sisters' religio was based in the Rule of St Augustine, and a series of constitutions was developed between 1220 when Dominic established the community of San Sisto in Rome, and the final redaction approved at the General Chapter of 1259.
(26) Hence, the starting point for any discussion of the regulation of the Sisters' lives must be the Rule of St Augustine.
The Sisters' constitutions are laconic in their authorisations for reading and study, and, when read in conjunction with our knowledge of medieval perceptions and purposes of the various literacies, and in relation to the Rule of St Augustine and the Preachers' constitutions, can be seen to have imposed few constraints on their literate practices.
In these volumes fifty-five scholars pay tribute to the Augustinian scholar, Fr Tarcisius van Bavel: |Augustinian', both as a student of the great African doctor of the Church, and also as one who has lived his life under the rule of St Augustine. Both connotations are covered in these volumes.