Rumelia


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Rumelia

or

Roumelia

(both: ro͞omē`lēə), region of S Bulgaria, between the Balkan and Rhodope mts. Historically, Rumelia denoted the Balkan possessions (particularly Thrace and Macedonia, and excluding Bosnia) of the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman province of Rumelia comprised much of present-day Serbia, Macedonia, Bulgaria, European Turkey, N Greece, and part of Albania. SofiaSofia
, Bulg. Sofiya, city (1993 pop. 1,114,476), capital of Bulgaria, W central Bulgaria, on a high plain surrounded by the Balkan Mts. It is Bulgaria's chief industrial, transportation, and commercial center.
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 was the seat of the governors of Rumelia until 1878. In that year the Treaty of San Stefano, ending a war between Russia and Turkey, created a huge Bulgarian state; but the European powers, fearing that Bulgaria would become a Russian dependency, agreed (see Berlin, Congress ofBerlin, Congress of,
1878, called by the signers of the Treaty of Paris of 1856 (see Paris, Congress of) to reconsider the terms of the Treaty of San Stefano, which Russia had forced on the Ottoman Empire earlier in 1878.
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) to make N Bulgaria an autonomous principality owing nominal allegiance to the Turkish sultan and to create an autonomous province of Eastern Rumelia. This province, with its capital at PlovdivPlovdiv
, anc. Philippopolis, city (1993 pop. 345,205), S central Bulgaria, on the Maritsa River. It is the second largest city of Bulgaria, a transportation hub, and the chief market for a fertile area.
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, comprised, roughly, the part of present Bulgaria situated S of the Balkan Mts. It remained under Turkish sovereignty but enjoyed considerable autonomy and was ruled by a governor appointed by the Ottoman Empire with the approval of the European powers. Resentment at the partition of Bulgaria sparked a revolution at Plovdiv in 1885, and Prince Alexander of Bulgaria annexed Eastern Rumelia, thus incurring the wrath of Russia and Serbia. The Serbians, who also claimed the area, declared war on Bulgaria but were forced to make peace (1886) on the basis of the status quo, while the sultan agreed to name Alexander governor of Eastern Rumelia. This arrangement amounted to a tacit Turkish surrender of the province, which henceforth remained part of Bulgaria, although it was nominally under Ottoman rule until Bulgaria became officially independent in 1908.

Rumelia

 

after the Ottoman Turks conquered Byzantium, the Turkish name of the eyalet (province) that included the countries of the Balkan Peninsula. In the period 1864–66, Rumelia was divided into several smaller vilayets, and the name “Rumelia” was no longer used officially. In the Treaty of Berlin of 1878, the southern part of Bulgaria that remained within the Ottoman Empire was called Eastern Rumelia. Sometimes the name “Rumelia” refers to the European part of Turkey (eastern Thrace).

References in periodicals archive ?
TheA UnificationA itself was proclaimed inA Plovdiv, back then the main city of Eastern Rumelia - and this is where the biggest events take place every year to mark the anniversary.
7) Later, refugees from the Caucasus and Pontus (1917), from Eastern Rumelia and Bulgaria (1918-1919) were added to them.
La Rumelia era para los turcos la peninsula de los Balcanes.
After negotiations, which had been provoked by the British diplomacy at the beginning of 1886, the sultan accepted to name Alexander von Battenberg the governor of Eastern Rumelia, which remained formally under the Sublime Porte's suzerainty.
With regulations made as of 1859 financial year, the tax were determined as 10% of the yields obtained from small cattle in the Rumelia region and 1.
Ibrahim Divarci, a photographer from Konya, said Thursday a project was underway to assess and register mosques, inns, public baths, bridges and clock towers extending from the Ottoman era up to today in Rumelia.
5) Nos encontramos, pues, ante un hito de la difusion del Don Quijote por regiones de transicion entre la Transilvania austriaca y la Rumelia otomana, que a pesar de su relativo aislamiento de las corrientes esteticas, artisticas, literarias e intelectuales del occidente europeo, constituyen a lo largo del siglo XVIII una autentica encrucijada entre oriente y occidente, especialmente sensible a la recepcion y difusion de elementos culturales procedentes de ambas vertientes del continente europeo.
64), this register, as the editor points out in the introduction, is not a court register, but a sikayet defteri, or register of complaints, submitted between September 1782 and January 1783 by the populace of the Bitola/Manastir region to the kaymakam, or deputy governor, of Rumelia.
In Rumelia, the ayans had put the self-satisfied traders and government officers on notice; these warlords, claiming direct descent from the great Turkish nomad tribes, were to take over Osmanli Europe, introducing a reign of terror.
El macizo de Rodope se eleva al Sur de la depresion de Rumelia oriental, en Bulgaria.
Edirne and Constantinople were, after all, "European" capitals; and Rumelia, in the Balkans, was (along with Anatolia) the central core of the empire and the source of much of its wealth and many of its officials.