Rumelia


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Rumelia

or

Roumelia

(both: ro͞omē`lēə), region of S Bulgaria, between the Balkan and Rhodope mts. Historically, Rumelia denoted the Balkan possessions (particularly Thrace and Macedonia, and excluding Bosnia) of the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman province of Rumelia comprised much of present-day Serbia, North Macedonia, Bulgaria, European Turkey, N Greece, and part of Albania. SofiaSofia
, Bulg. Sofiya, city (1993 pop. 1,114,476), capital of Bulgaria, W central Bulgaria, on a high plain surrounded by the Balkan Mts. It is Bulgaria's chief industrial, transportation, and commercial center.
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 was the seat of the governors of Rumelia until 1878. In that year the Treaty of San Stefano, ending a war between Russia and Turkey, created a huge Bulgarian state; but the European powers, fearing that Bulgaria would become a Russian dependency, agreed (see Berlin, Congress ofBerlin, Congress of,
1878, called by the signers of the Treaty of Paris of 1856 (see Paris, Congress of) to reconsider the terms of the Treaty of San Stefano, which Russia had forced on the Ottoman Empire earlier in 1878.
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) to make N Bulgaria an autonomous principality owing nominal allegiance to the Turkish sultan and to create an autonomous province of Eastern Rumelia. This province, with its capital at PlovdivPlovdiv
, anc. Philippopolis, city (1993 pop. 345,205), S central Bulgaria, on the Maritsa River. It is the second largest city of Bulgaria, a transportation hub, and the chief market for a fertile area.
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, comprised, roughly, the part of present Bulgaria situated S of the Balkan Mts. It remained under Turkish sovereignty but enjoyed considerable autonomy and was ruled by a governor appointed by the Ottoman Empire with the approval of the European powers. Resentment at the partition of Bulgaria sparked a revolution at Plovdiv in 1885, and Prince Alexander of Bulgaria annexed Eastern Rumelia, thus incurring the wrath of Russia and Serbia. The Serbians, who also claimed the area, declared war on Bulgaria but were forced to make peace (1886) on the basis of the status quo, while the sultan agreed to name Alexander governor of Eastern Rumelia. This arrangement amounted to a tacit Turkish surrender of the province, which henceforth remained part of Bulgaria, although it was nominally under Ottoman rule until Bulgaria became officially independent in 1908.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rumelia

 

after the Ottoman Turks conquered Byzantium, the Turkish name of the eyalet (province) that included the countries of the Balkan Peninsula. In the period 1864–66, Rumelia was divided into several smaller vilayets, and the name “Rumelia” was no longer used officially. In the Treaty of Berlin of 1878, the southern part of Bulgaria that remained within the Ottoman Empire was called Eastern Rumelia. Sometimes the name “Rumelia” refers to the European part of Turkey (eastern Thrace).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(7) Later, refugees from the Caucasus and Pontus (1917), from Eastern Rumelia and Bulgaria (1918-1919) were added to them.
After negotiations, which had been provoked by the British diplomacy at the beginning of 1886, the sultan accepted to name Alexander von Battenberg the governor of Eastern Rumelia, which remained formally under the Sublime Porte's suzerainty.
Stands, capable of seating thousands of spectators, have been erected along the Al Rumelia Park for Families.
The European part (Rumelia) is separated from the Asian part (Anatolia) by the Bosphorus.
"I am the sultan of sultans, the proof of emperors, the distributor of crowns to the monarchs of the surface of the earth, the shadow of God on the lands, the sultan of the White [Mediterranean] Sea, the Black Sea, Anatolia, Rumelia, Karaman, of Rum, of the provinces of the Zulkadir, of Diyarbakir, of Kurdistan, of Azerbaijan, of Persia, of Syria, of Egypt, of Mecca and Medina, of Jerusalem, of all the lands of Arabia, of the Yemen, of Hungary, and of the many lands which my glorious and august majesty has conquered with a flaming sword, praise be to God and God is great".
At the end of the 16th century, for instance, Sinan Pasha accused his rival Ferhad Pasha of accumulating almost 135 million akces, more than the treasury's annual revenues from Anatolia and Rumelia, from appointment fees between 1586 and 1590 as commander-in-chief.
With regulations made as of 1859 financial year, the tax were determined as 10% of the yields obtained from small cattle in the Rumelia region and 1.5 cents over each small cattle in Anatoli and Arabia (Guran, 1998).
Ibrahim Divarci, a photographer from Konya, said Thursday a project was underway to assess and register mosques, inns, public baths, bridges and clock towers extending from the Ottoman era up to today in Rumelia.
(5) Nos encontramos, pues, ante un hito de la difusion del Don Quijote por regiones de transicion entre la Transilvania austriaca y la Rumelia otomana, que a pesar de su relativo aislamiento de las corrientes esteticas, artisticas, literarias e intelectuales del occidente europeo, constituyen a lo largo del siglo XVIII una autentica encrucijada entre oriente y occidente, especialmente sensible a la recepcion y difusion de elementos culturales procedentes de ambas vertientes del continente europeo.