Rumelia

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Rumelia

or

Roumelia

(both: ro͞omē`lēə), region of S Bulgaria, between the Balkan and Rhodope mts. Historically, Rumelia denoted the Balkan possessions (particularly Thrace and Macedonia, and excluding Bosnia) of the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman province of Rumelia comprised much of present-day Serbia, North Macedonia, Bulgaria, European Turkey, N Greece, and part of Albania. SofiaSofia
, Bulg. Sofiya, city (1993 pop. 1,114,476), capital of Bulgaria, W central Bulgaria, on a high plain surrounded by the Balkan Mts. It is Bulgaria's chief industrial, transportation, and commercial center.
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 was the seat of the governors of Rumelia until 1878. In that year the Treaty of San Stefano, ending a war between Russia and Turkey, created a huge Bulgarian state; but the European powers, fearing that Bulgaria would become a Russian dependency, agreed (see Berlin, Congress ofBerlin, Congress of,
1878, called by the signers of the Treaty of Paris of 1856 (see Paris, Congress of) to reconsider the terms of the Treaty of San Stefano, which Russia had forced on the Ottoman Empire earlier in 1878.
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) to make N Bulgaria an autonomous principality owing nominal allegiance to the Turkish sultan and to create an autonomous province of Eastern Rumelia. This province, with its capital at PlovdivPlovdiv
, anc. Philippopolis, city (1993 pop. 345,205), S central Bulgaria, on the Maritsa River. It is the second largest city of Bulgaria, a transportation hub, and the chief market for a fertile area.
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, comprised, roughly, the part of present Bulgaria situated S of the Balkan Mts. It remained under Turkish sovereignty but enjoyed considerable autonomy and was ruled by a governor appointed by the Ottoman Empire with the approval of the European powers. Resentment at the partition of Bulgaria sparked a revolution at Plovdiv in 1885, and Prince Alexander of Bulgaria annexed Eastern Rumelia, thus incurring the wrath of Russia and Serbia. The Serbians, who also claimed the area, declared war on Bulgaria but were forced to make peace (1886) on the basis of the status quo, while the sultan agreed to name Alexander governor of Eastern Rumelia. This arrangement amounted to a tacit Turkish surrender of the province, which henceforth remained part of Bulgaria, although it was nominally under Ottoman rule until Bulgaria became officially independent in 1908.

Rumelia

 

after the Ottoman Turks conquered Byzantium, the Turkish name of the eyalet (province) that included the countries of the Balkan Peninsula. In the period 1864–66, Rumelia was divided into several smaller vilayets, and the name “Rumelia” was no longer used officially. In the Treaty of Berlin of 1878, the southern part of Bulgaria that remained within the Ottoman Empire was called Eastern Rumelia. Sometimes the name “Rumelia” refers to the European part of Turkey (eastern Thrace).

References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, a concert to be given by Rumelian singer Faruk Yilmaz at the dinner was cancelled after a request by Davutoglu in respect for 35 individuals who lost their lives in Sirnak on Wednesday.
The era also witnessed recurring Zaporozhian and Don Cossack naval raids against Ottoman towns in the Crimea, the Rumelian shores of the Black Sea (1606-16), and the Anatolian coast.
Topics include their place in contact linguistics, as contacts in a typology of code interaction, in West Rumelian Turkish and Macedonian Turkish, as Greek-Turkish and Turkish-Kurdish, in Kurmanji, as Yakut in North-Tungusic languages and in complex sentences in Gagauz, as Izafet constructions in Turkic varieties of Iran, and in relative clauses in an Old Ottoman Turkish interlinear translation of the Koran.
The Unification was accomplished after revolts in Eastern Rumelian towns, followed by a coup on 18 September (old-style 6 September) 1885 supported by the Bulgarian Knyaz Alexander I.