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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Rwanda, Urunyarwanda, or Kinyarwanda), the language of the Barundi peoples, spoken in Rwanda and the border areas of Burundi, the Republic of Zaire, continental Tanzania, and Uganda. There are more than 4.5 million speakers (1967).

Kirundi is related to the Bantu family. Its phonetic structure is characterized by vowel contraction and elision, realization of Dahl’s law (dissimilation of consonants), and the presence of the interdental consonants voiced [ð] and voiceless [θ]. Tones are present and perform distinctive functions. Kirundi grammatical structure is characterized by the existence of 19 nominal classes. Prefixes are disyllabic. In addition to the three usual locative classes in Bantu languages, Kirundi has a fourth locative class, with the prefix e-.


Schumacher, P. P. “La phonétique du Kinyarwanda.” Anthropos, 1921–22, vols. 16–17; 1923–24, vols. 18–19; 1929, vol. 24; 1931, vol. 26.
Doke, C. M. Bantu: Modern Grammatical, Phonetical and Lexicographical Studies Since 1860. London, 1945.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
'During this dry period, consumers are encouraged to conserve and use water prudently such as by reducing outdoor watering and where there are any pipe leakages, they are urged to report to the water authorities for repair to be attended to,' Rundi said.
Mu by'ukuri hari ibitekerezo bibiri bigaragaza ko nta rundi rurimi rwarusha ikinyarwanda, guhuza ibitekerezo n'ibikorwa bigamije guteza imbere abanyarwanda.
Essai de grammaire rundi. Tervuren: Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
Lullabies are also documented by Finnegan (1992) as providing an indirect means of critical expression among the Nyoro of Uganda, the Dogon, the Rundi and the Kamba and by Kunene in the 1970s in South Africa.
Rundt & Associates, Inc., specialists in country risk assessment, consultant to multinational companies and banks, and publishers of Rundi's World Business Intelligence and The Financial Executive's Country Risk Alert.
Announcing this today, Sabah Health Department director Datuk Dr Christina Rundi said the centre will be housed in a brand-new building measuring 3,240 sq ft and equipped with 20 haemodialysis machines, with construction beginning this year.
Out of 35 countries with more than 33% female representation in national parliaments across the world, there are nine African countries, including Rwanda (61%), Namibia (46%), South Africa (43%), Mozambique (40%), Ethiopia (39%), Tanzania (37%), Bu- rundi (36%) and Uganda (34%).
Several infrastructure, and particularly transport infrastructure projects, in that sub-region have led to a significant drop in transport costs as well as travel times, especially to landlocked countries such as Bu- rundi, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Sudan and Rwanda.
Meanwhile, minister-in-charge of the celebrations Datuk Seri Dr Stephen Rundi in a similar message called on all Sarawakians, especially those in Bintulu and nearby areas to join in the events as a gesture of appreciation for the sacrifices and struggles of past leaders who contributed to the development and progress of Sarawak.