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(also Rwanda, Urunyarwanda, or Kinyarwanda), the language of the Barundi peoples, spoken in Rwanda and the border areas of Burundi, the Republic of Zaire, continental Tanzania, and Uganda. There are more than 4.5 million speakers (1967).

Kirundi is related to the Bantu family. Its phonetic structure is characterized by vowel contraction and elision, realization of Dahl’s law (dissimilation of consonants), and the presence of the interdental consonants voiced [ð] and voiceless [θ]. Tones are present and perform distinctive functions. Kirundi grammatical structure is characterized by the existence of 19 nominal classes. Prefixes are disyllabic. In addition to the three usual locative classes in Bantu languages, Kirundi has a fourth locative class, with the prefix e-.


Schumacher, P. P. “La phonétique du Kinyarwanda.” Anthropos, 1921–22, vols. 16–17; 1923–24, vols. 18–19; 1929, vol. 24; 1931, vol. 26.
Doke, C. M. Bantu: Modern Grammatical, Phonetical and Lexicographical Studies Since 1860. London, 1945.


References in periodicals archive ?
At the event, Rundi said that as Minister for Utilities, he was pleased that the State power utility continued to focus on enriching customer experience through constant innovation, interface growth and on minimising customer inconvenience for Sarawak Energys 650,000 customers state-wide.
Muri ako gashami ni naho honyine hemewe kwigisha mu rundi rurimi rutari icyongereza.
1975, << Les donateurs de vie et de bonheur dans la societe rundi >>, Developpement et cultures, VII, 3-4 : 597-615.
Rundi Ream, SGA's chief operating officer, managed a coup in the recent hiring of Janice Jackson from her former position as Copyright Administrator of Peer Music Publishing.
Dato Sri Dr Stephen Rundi Utom, Minister for Utilities said, Children in rural schools should have the same access to reliable 24-hour electricity like their urban counterparts.
Several infrastructure, and particularly transport infrastructure projects, in that sub-region have led to a significant drop in transport costs as well as travel times, especially to landlocked countries such as Bu- rundi, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Sudan and Rwanda.
Tenders are invited for construction of makodiya rundi tank for bund, approach and spill channel, head sluice chute fall, flush bar and construction of canal with structures and lining etc.
Tenders are invited for Construction of Checkdam across Machhan Nadi near village Rundi, Tal.