Surabaya

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Surabaya,

 

Surabaja,

or

Soerabaja

(so͝orəbī`ə, Du. so͞oräbä`yä), city (1990 pop. 2,473,272), capital of East Java prov., NE Java, Indonesia, on the Mas River just above its mouth at the western end of Madura Strait. Chief rival of Jakarta in size and commercial and industrial importance, Surabaya is the country's second largest city and its major naval base, with a huge shipyard, a naval college, and numerous specialized naval schools. An industrial center, it has railroad shops, an automobile-assembly plant, and an oil refinery. Manufactures include textiles, glass, fertilizer, shoes, tobacco products, machinery, metal products, processed foods, tools, and cement. North of the city proper is its port, Tanjungperak, which ships sugar, rubber, coffee, tobacco, petroleum products, and spices. Early in World War II, Surabaya was occupied by the Japanese. Although damaged during the postwar struggle for Indonesian independence, it has been rebuilt. It is the seat of a superior court and of Airlangga Univ. and the Surabaya Institute of Technology.

Surabaya

 

(or Surabaja), the second largest city in Indonesia, after the capital, Jakarta. Administrative center of the province of Eastern Java. Situated on the Kali Mas, a branch of the Brantas River, at the point where it empties into the Madura Strait. Population, 1.6 million (1971).

Surabaya is an important transportation junction, with a freight turnover of 3.7 million tons in its port (1974). It is linked with the island of Madura by a ferry. Surabaya has the largest metalworking and machine-building enterprises in the country, among which are a shipyard, an automobile assembly plant, electrotechnical enterprises, and railroad workshops. Other enterprises include petroleum refineries, chemical plants, and a plant producing glass containers. The city and its suburbs also have the food and spice, textile, leather and footwear, wood-products, and cement industries. Surabaya has a university.

Surabaya’s date of founding is unknown. In 1019, Airlangga formed an independent Eastern Javanese state in the area of Surabaya. In 1706, Surabaya came under the sway of Dutch colonialists. During the colonial war, in which the Dutch were supported by Great Britain against the Republic of Indonesia, which was proclaimed in 1945, the city was captured by British forces. In memory of the courageous resistance of Surabaya’s inhabitants to the interventionists from Nov. 10 to 25, 1945, November 10 is celebrated as Heroes’ Day in Indonesia.

Surabaya

, Surabaja, Soerabaja
a port in Indonesia, on E Java on the Surabaya Strait: the country's second port and chief naval base; university (1954); fishing and ship-building industries; oil refinery. Pop.: 2 599 796 (2000)
References in periodicals archive ?
In the Village Wonorejo, District Rungkut, Surabaya, East Java.
marina) in the habitat and the size of the contrast in Rungkut, Wonorejo, Surabaya.
PT Sinar Angkasa Rungkut, see Chiyoda Lighting Group
The company with factory located at Rungkut, Surabaya, East Java, has an annual production capacity of 70 million units of electric lamps.
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Location (unit/year) Matsushita Lighting Energy Saving Lamp--17,000,000 Pasuruan, Indonesia Straight Flourescent Lamp East Java --22,600,000 Glass Globe & tube--56,980,000 Sinar Angkasa Rungkut Flourescent Lamp--20,000,000 Surabaya, Incandescent Lamp--45,000,000 East Java Automotive Lamp--25,000,000 Glow Starter--20,000,000 Source: Capital Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) Table--4 Profiles of a new investor Name of company PT.
28 PT Surabaya Industrial Estate 39,290 9,746 2004 Rungkut 29 PT Jakarta IHD n.
They are PT Philips Ralin, PT Sarana Gatra Utama, and PT Sinar Angkasa Rungkut.
Previously it was a joint venture between General Electric from the United States and PT Sinar Angkasa Rungkut with factory built in Rungkut, Surabaya.
PT Sinar Angkasa Rungkut followed in 1975, established as a domestic investment (PMDN) company in Surabaya with products Focus and Chyoda.
Currently the company has four SKT factories in four locations--Rungkut I, Rungkut II, Taman Sampoerna in Surabaya and another in Malang.
Of the eight electric-lamp producers associated under Aperlindo (the Indonesian Electric Lamp Producers' Association), only three have their own bulb/tube-production units, and they are PT Philips Ralin, PT Sarana Gatra Utama, and PT Sinar Angkasa Rungkut.