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Rupert,1352–1410, German king (1400–1410), elector palatine of the Rhine. He was elected German king after the deposition of WenceslausWenceslaus,
1361–1419, Holy Roman emperor (uncrowned) and German king (1378–1400), king of Bohemia (1378–1419) as Wenceslaus IV, elector of Brandenburg (1373–76), son and successor of Emperor Charles IV.
..... Click the link for more information. . Seeking the imperial crown, Rupert went to Italy. He attempted to intervene in Italian affairs and regain the former imperial city of Milan from Gian Galeazzo ViscontiVisconti
, Italian family that ruled Milan from the 13th cent. until 1447. In the 12th cent. members of the family received the title of viscount, from which the name is derived.
..... Click the link for more information. , but he was defeated and returned impoverished to Germany in 1402. Recognized (1403) by the Roman Pope Boniface IX, he adhered to the Roman popes in the Great SchismSchism, Great,
or Schism of the West,
division in the Roman Catholic Church from 1378 to 1417. There was no question of faith or practice involved; the schism was a matter of persons and politics.
..... Click the link for more information. . When he sent envoys to plead for Gregory XII at the Council of Pisa, the council refused to recognize his title. Rupert was unable to exercise any control over the warring cities and nobles. At his death, two successors were elected, but in 1411 he was succeeded by SigismundSigismund
, 1368–1437, Holy Roman emperor (1433–37), German king (1410–37), king of Hungary (1387–1437) and of Bohemia (1419–37), elector of Brandenburg (1376–1415), son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV.
..... Click the link for more information. .
Prince. 1619--82, German-born nephew of Charles I: Royalist general during the Civil War (until 1646) and commander of the Royalist fleet (1648--50). After the Restoration he was an admiral of the English fleet in wars against the Dutch