Rupert Brooke

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Rupert Brooke
BirthplaceRugby, Warwickshire, England
EducationRugby School, King's College, University of Cambridge (fellow)
Known for Poetry

Brooke, Rupert,

1887–1915, English poet. At the outbreak of World War I he joined the Royal Naval Division, served at Antwerp, and was in the Dardanelles expedition when he died of blood poisoning at the island of Skíros. Handsome and athletic, Brooke was also charming, intellectual, and witty, and was universally sought in society. His early fame and tragic death have made him an almost legendary figure. He wrote two small volumes of poetry, Poems (1911) and 1914 and Other Poems (1915). His verse is exuberant and charming, the romantic patriotism of his war sonnets contrasting sharply with the bitter, disillusioned poetry of Owen and Sassoon.


See his letters, ed. by G. Keynes (1968); biographies by A. Stringer (1948, repr. 1972) and C. Hassall (1964, repr. 1972); studies by J. Lehmann (1981) and P. Delany (1987); bibliography by G. Keynes (1954).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Brooke, Rupert


Born Aug. 3, 1887, at Rugby; died Apr. 23, 1915, on the island of Skyros, Greece. English poet. Belonged to the Georgian group of poets.

Brooke studied at Cambridge, where he wrote a research work entitled John Webster and the Elizabethan Drama (published in 1916). His first collection of poetry was published in 1911. Brooke was an organizer of the anthology Georgian Poetry, 1911-1912 (1912). In 1914 he went to war as a volunteer. The sonnet series 1914 and Other Poems (1915) brought fame. It reflected the illusions of patriotic Englishmen who at the beginning of the war failed to understand its imperialistic nature. In its form, Brooke’s poetry continues the romantic traditions of English poetry. He traveled a great deal (Letters From America, 1916, and other works).


The Collected Poems. London, 1946.
The Poetical Works. London, 1953.


Keynes, G. A Bibliography of Rupert Brooke. London, 1954.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ezra Pound or Rupert Brooke" (22) participated in the Georgian revival.
Some of the 'strange meetings' did take place--Siegfried Sassoon and Rupert Brooke over kidneys and bacon at one of Marsh's 'literary breakfasts' just before the war broke out; Edward Thomas and Wilfred Owen at a training camp for the Artist's Rifles in February 1916; some were a lifetime away from the trenches David Jones with Siegried Sassoon at lunch at Kensington Palace in July 1964; some were proxy meetings, Edward Thomas' widow with Ivor Gurney, ten years incarcerated in a mental hospital in the summer of 1932.
In the case of Rupert Brooke, the balance is particularly striking: the critical section evinces a scholar's genuine interest in the obscure and the circumstantial, but the actual selection from the poetry could not be more mainstream, or more crowd-pleasing.
In 1955, Sir Geoffrey Keynes' attempt to bring out The Letters of Rupert Brooke was blocked by his fellow trustees of Brooke's estate (Walter de la Mare, Dudley Ward, John Sheppard); they claimed the collection "seriously misrepresented" Brooke.
Perhaps in the current state of British industrial relations and politics, even the middle-of-the-road orthodox but sentient citizen, after reading this book, could be forgiven for muttering (with Rupert Brooke of nearly a century earlier) would that it were!
Forever England, former Radio 1 DJ Mike Read's film about poet Rupert Brooke, is likely to cost about pounds 6 million.
He also published a biography of the poet Rupert Brooke in 1980.
Between these extremes lie the titles by Herbert Read and Richard Aldington, and the hagiographical curiosity, Rupert Brooke's Death and Burial.
At Rugby, he won the poetry prize that thirty-four years earlier had been won by Rupert Brooke, his personal hero.
Red Wine of Youth (1948) is a biography of the English poet Rupert Brooke.
Geraghty, an author, reporter and defense correspondent, and veteran of the UKAEs Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, documents the experiences of British and other artists and writers who fought in World War I: George Butterworth, Wilfred Owen, Alan Seeger, Issac Rosenberg, Edward Thomas, Ivor Gurney, Rupert Brooke, R.C.
1915: Rupert Brooke, poet, died of blood poisoning on the Greek island of Skyros.