Rural Electrification Administration


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Rural Electrification Administration

(REA), former agency of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture charged with administering loan programs for electrification and telephone service in rural areas. The REA was created (1935) by executive order as an independent federal bureau, authorized by the Congress in 1936, and later (1939) reorganized as a division of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. The REA undertook to provide farms with inexpensive electric lighting and power. To implement those goals the administration made long-term, self-liquidating loans to state and local governments, to farmers' cooperatives, and to nonprofit organizations; no loans were made directly to consumers. In 1949 the REA was authorized to make loans for telephone improvements; in 1988, REA was permitted to give interest-free loans for job creation and rural electric systems. By the early 1970s about 98% of all farms in the United States had electric service, a demonstration of REA's success. The administration was abolished in 1994 and its functions assumed by the Rural Utilities Service.

Bibliography

See C. T. Ellis, A Giant Step (1966); D. C. Brown, Electricity for Rural America (1980).

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References in periodicals archive ?
In the early 1990s, Larochelle helped NRECA and its members secure passage of the federal Rural Electrification Administration Improvement Act, which allowed cooperatives to buy out REA direct and insured loans at a discount, eliminating much of the red tape for borrowers.
Thus, the Rural Electrification Administration, featured in Power and the Land, was part of an extensive effort to assist farmers and thereby rejuvenate the entire economy.
In a speech, Kirkland recalled the days when farmhouses lacked electricity, hookworm was widespread, and the elderly were destitute, "before government got on our backs" with the Rural Electrification Administration, the Public Health Sen, ice, and Social Security.
The Rural Electrification Administration, or REA, provided low-interest loans to cooperatives, typically groups of farmers and rural customers who managed local electrification projects.
During the past several decades these services have been available through a number of organizations, including Farmers Home Administration, Rural Electrification Administration, Rural Development Administration, and Rural Economic and Community Development.
I am a former timber products staff member for Bell Telephone Laboratories and, later, the Rural Electrification Administration, and I currently work as a timber products specialist.
The first suggested-practices manual on the subject was published by the Rural Electrification Administration in March 1972.
We saw the introduction of large-scale public works projects such as the Rural Electrification Administration, Manhattan project, Tennessee Valley Authority and interstate highway system.
Sixty years ago, the New Deal produced the Rural Electrification Administration, created to bring power to communities considered too remote and too sparsely populated to service.
Tobey makes clear that the eventual triumph of modernization in the highly publicized Tennessee Valley Authority and Rural Electrification Administration also reached urban and suburban America.
7037 to create the Rural Electrification Administration (REA) under authority of the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935.
In 1933, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) was created and, in 1935, the Rural Electrification Administration (REA) was established.

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