Rusafi, Maruf ibn Abd al-Ghani al-

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rusafi, Ma’ruf ibn Abd al-Ghani al-


Born 1875 in Baghdad; died Apr. 16, 1945. Iraqi Arab poet and literary scholar.

After graduating from a religious school in 1899, al-Rusafi taught Arabic literature in Istanbul, Damascus, and Jerusalem. In his poetry he strove to depict realistically the life of the poverty-stricken and cruelly exploited working people. After the Iraqi Rebellion of 1920, he wrote poems attacking imperialism and adovcating national liberation. His narrative poems We and the International Situation (1942) and Letter to al-Javahiri (1944) are patriotic in theme. Al-Rusafi was the founder of the social school in modern Arabic poetry. His writings on the history of Arabic literature were published in 1928 and 1932.


Divan al-Rusafi, vols. 1–2. Cairo, 1959.
In Russian translation: Poety Azii. Moscow, 1957.
“Razve eto politika?” In Sovremennaia arabskaia poeziia. Moscow, 1961.


Krachkovskii, I. Iu. Izbr. soch., vol. 3. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956. Page 101.
Sharbatov, G. “Poeziia Maarufa ar-Rasafi.” Sovremennyi Vostok, 1959, no. 7.
Al-Shaykh Jalalal-Hanafi al-Baghdadi. Al-Rusafi. Baghdad, 1962.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.