Russell Schweickart

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Schweickart, Russell


Born Oct. 10, 1935, in Neptune, N.J. American astronaut; air force pilot (1956–63).

Schweickart received a bachelor of science degree in aeronautical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1956 and a master of science degree in aeronautics and astronautics in 1963. He conducted research on the atmosphere at the Experimental Astronomy Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 1963 he became a member of the group of astronauts of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Between Mar. 3 and Mar. 13, 1969, Schweickart, as the lunar module pilot, completed a spaceflight in the Apollo 9 spacecraft, together with J. A. McDivitt and D. R. Scott. During the test flight in earth orbit, which lasted 241 hr 01 min, the docking with the lunar module and its independent flight were performed and other systems of the spacecraft were tested; various studies were also carried out. During the flight, Schweickart undertook a space walk, which lasted 47 min.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
During 151 Earth orbits, James McDivitt, Russell Schweickart and David Scott undocked, manoeuvred and re-docked the various parts to test all the systems needed for a Lunar Landing.
Russell Schweickart, a former astronaut, was the co-chairman of the Task Force on Planetary Defense of the NASA Advisory Council.
Russell Schweickart, who was Lunar Module pilot on the Apollo 9 mission in 1969, developed the theme saying that "looking back on Earth from space broadened our understanding that we were all on a very small planet."
"For the first time an international group of experts, many who would be the ones doing the actual analysis of an asteroid impact threat, came together to work through the challenges which will be faced by the international community in deciding how to respond to such an event," said Apollo astronaut, Russell Schweickart, former chair of the ASE-NEO Committee.
'On that small spot,' mused Russell Schweickart of Apollo 9, 'that little blue and white thing, is everything that means anything to you--all of history and music and poetry and art and death and birth and love, tears, joy.
A former Apollo astronaut, Russell Schweickart, studied the issue.