Russo-Japanese War

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Russo-Japanese War,

1904–5, imperialistic conflict that grew out of the rival designs of Russia and Japan on ManchuriaManchuria
, Mandarin Dongbei sansheng [three northeastern provinces], region, c.600,000 sq mi (1,554,000 sq km), NE China. It is officially known as the Northeast.
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 and KoreaKorea
, Korean Hanguk or Choson, region and historic country (85,049 sq mi/220,277 sq km), E Asia. A peninsula, 600 mi (966 km) long, Korea separates the Sea of Japan (called the East Sea by Koreans) on the east from the Yellow Sea (and Korea Bay [or West Korea
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. Russian failure to withdraw from Manchuria and Russian penetration into N Korea were countered by Japanese attempts to negotiate a division of the area into spheres of influence. The Russian government, however, was inflexible, and it was willing to risk an armed conflict in the belief that Japan was bound to be defeated and that a Russian victory would head off the growing threat of internal revolution in Russia. Japan broke off negotiations and severed (Feb. 6, 1904) diplomatic relations with Russia. Two days later, without a declaration of war, Japan attacked Port Arthur and bottled up the Russian fleet. A series of quick Japanese victories, which astounded the world, culminated in the fall of Port Arthur (Jan., 1905), the victory of troops under General Oyama at Shenyang (Feb.–Mar., 1905), and the destruction of the Russian fleet under RozhdestvenskiRozhdestvenski, Zinovi Petrovich
, 1848–1909, Russian admiral. Commander of the Baltic fleet at the time of the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–5, he was ordered to take his fleet to East Asia.
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 at TsushimaTsushima
, two Japanese islands in Korea Strait. The islands are rocky, and fishing is the main occupation. Nearby, in May, 1905, occurred the major naval battle of the Russo-Japanese War.
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 by Admiral TogoTogo, Heihachiro
, 1846–1934, Japanese admiral, Japan's greatest naval hero. He studied naval science in England (1871–78), gained international recognition for his service in the First Sino-Japanese War, and contributed greatly to the development of Japanese sea
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's fleet (May, 1905). Through the mediation of U.S. President Theodore RooseveltRoosevelt, Theodore,
1858–1919, 26th President of the United States (1901–9), b. New York City. Early Life and Political Posts

Of a prosperous and distinguished family, Theodore Roosevelt was educated by private tutors and traveled widely.
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, peace was made in September at Portsmouth, N.H. (see Portsmouth, Treaty ofPortsmouth, Treaty of,
1905, treaty ending the Russo-Japanese War. It was signed at the Portsmouth Naval Base, New Hampshire, on Sept. 5, 1905. Negotiations leading up to the treaty began in the spring of 1905 when Russia had suffered severe defeats and Japan was in financial
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). The disastrous outcome of the war for Russia was one of the immediate causes of the Russian Revolution of 1905. Japan gained the position of a world power, becoming the first non-European and non-American imperialist modern state.


See I. Nish, The Origins of the Russo-Japanese War (1985); J. N. Westwood, Russia against Japan (1986).

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References in periodicals archive ?
A decade later, when he had already achieved fame as a novelist and short-story writer, he became the premier American correspondent covering the Russo-Japanese War. (3) His services as war correspondent and photographer for the conflict had been sought by Collier's, the New York Herald, Harper's Magazine, and the Hearst Press.
In 1904, for example, the annual Green Acre conference closed with a program dedicated to the resolution of the Russo-Japanese war. The following year, when delegations from Russia and Japan were meeting in Portsmouth to negotiate an end to the war, Ms.
The former had undergone a transformation from nationalistic sympathy for the Middle East to pragmatic realism after the Russo-Japanese War, and at the same time the image of the Middle East was simplified or reduced to that of "deserts" or "camels." In contrast, Japan continued to be idealized and symbolized as a model for modernization and nation-building in the eyes of people in the Middle East.
The Russo-Japanese war was an even more important one because it was the first modem war that used a significant number of machineguns.
Principal wars: Restoration War (1868); Satsuma Rebellion (1877); Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895); Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905).
This it did with astonishing initial success (the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95, the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-5, the annexation of Korea in 1910), even earning a degree of recognition from Western predators in the form of treaties and alliances.
In addition, naval battles of WWI are compared to naval battles of WWII and the Russo-Japanese war. B&w historical photos and maps are included.
Which US president won the Nobel Peace Prize for helping end the Russo-Japanese War? 9.
In 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt became the first American to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, for helping mediate an end to the Russo-Japanese War.
Originally published in Tokyo in 1904, and never widely circulated, this volume presents a collection of wartime reminiscences collected from a group of war correspondents restricted to the Imperial Hotel by a nervous Japanese government at the start of the Russo-Japanese war. Stories showcase reporting from conflicts spanning the last quarter of the nineteenth century and the volume provides an interesting window into the adventurous life of the war correspondent as well as wonderful examples of the florid prose of turn of the century journalism.

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